Main Article Content

Abstract

Eight genotypes of greengram were collected in the present investigation from AICRP on MULLaRP, Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya (BCKV) and they were characterized with ten quantitative, nineteen qualitative and two biochemical parameters as per the NBPGR descriptor. Grouping based on DUS descriptors indicate the existence of genetic diversity within the genotypes. These eight genotypes were evaluated and characterized for 31 DUS descriptors. However, 21 characters out of 31 characters of DUS descriptors differed significantly indicating a large and exploitable amount of genetic variability for the individual elite improved line profile development for identification and protection. The elite lines are similar for the important plant traits like semi erect and determinate growth habit but the development of erect types is the need of hour and indicates the incorporation of new germplasm for the improvement of this trait in the present material. Genotypes could be easily identified through some unique characters: SML-1822 could be identified amongst genotypes studied here in through its semi-erect growth habit, green stem colour with purple shade, dark green leaf colour, light yellow flower colour and bearing pods below canopy; identification of IPM-512-1 and TMB-37 could be made through seeds with drum shape and dull seed luster respectively; and Pusa Vishal through its leaves with dark green colour along with intermediate pod position and larger seed size. Samrat is having highest amount of protein as well as carbohydrate content among these genotypes. Thus, the DUS descriptor data generated with unique profiles of the elite improved lines can be used for the registration with PPV & FRA and seed purity testing.

Keywords

Green gram Morphological Protein content Carbohydrate

Article Details

How to Cite
Chakraborty, A., Bordolui, S. K., & Nandi, D. . (2022). Characterization of the green gram (Vigna radiata L.) genotypes through both morphological and biochemical parameters. Environment Conservation Journal, 23(3), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.9622191

References

  1. Blessing I.A. & Gregory I.O. (2010). Effect of processing on the proximate composition of the dehulled and undehulled Mungbean [Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek] flours. Pak J Nutr. 9(10):1006–1016. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/pjn.2010.1006.1016
  2. Bordolui, S. K., Chattapadhyay, P. & Chandra, P. (2006). Comparative performance of low land indigenous rice genotypes in Gangetic Alluvial Zone. Journal of crop and weed, 2(1): 33-36
  3. Bordolui, S. K., Sadhukhan, R. & Chattopadhyay, P. (2015). Participatory evaluation of some folk rice genotypes. Journal Crop and Weed, 11(2): 59-62.
  4. Dash, S. R. & Rautaray, B. K. (2017).Growth Parameters and Yield of Green Gram Varieties (Vigna radiata L.) in East and South East Coastal Plain of Odisha, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 6(10): 1517-1523. DOI: https://doi.org/10.20546/ijcmas.2017.610.181
  5. Jain, S. K., Khare, D., Bhale, M. S., & Raut, N. D. (2002).Characterization of mung bean varieties for verification of genetic purity. Seed Tech News, 32(1): 200-201.
  6. Khajudparn, P. & Tantasawat, P. (2011). Relationships and variability of agronomic and physiological characters in mungbean. African journal of Biotechnology, 10(49): 9992-10000. DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.1288
  7. Khattak, G. S. S., Haq, M. A., Saleem, M., & Ashraf, M. (2000). Inheritance of hypocotyl colour and pubescence in mungbean (Vigna radiata L. Wilczek), 11(2): 79-81.
  8. Kirchhoff, E. (2002). Online-publication of the german food composition table souci-fachmann-kraut on the internet. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis, 15(4): 465-472. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1006/jfca.2002.1091
  9. Mubarak, A. (2005). Nutritional composition and anti-nutritional factors of mung bean seeds (Phaseolus aureus) as affected by some home traditional processes. Food Chemistry, 89: 489-495. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2004.01.007
  10. Mukherjee, A. & Pradhan, K. (2002). Genetics of mungbean: I. Anthocyanin pigment in hypocotyl. Journal Inter academicia, 6(4): 434-437.
  11. Patel, J. D., Patel, J. B., & Chetariya, C. P. (2019).Characterization of mungbean (Vignaradiata(L.)Wilczek) genotypes based on plant morphology. Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Bioscience, 7: 433-443. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18782/2320-7051.7793
  12. Sunil, N., Rao, P. S., Natarajan, S., Reddy, J., Chakrabarty, S. K., Ashok, J., & Bhist, I. S. (2014). Diversity in the landraces of Green gram (Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek) collected from tribal Communities of Peninsular India. The Journal of Biodiversity Photon, 114: 392-400.
  13. Uddin, Md, S., Amin, A. K. M. R, Ullah Md., M. & Asaduzzman, M. (2009). In traction effect ofvariety and different fertilizers ongrowth and yield of summer greengram. American Eurasian Journal Agronomy, 2(3): 180-184.
  14. Uzoh, I. M., Igwe, C. A., Okebalama, C. B. & Babalola, O. O. (2019). Legume-maize rotation effect on maize productivity and soil fertility parameters under selected agronomic practices in a sandy loam soil, Scientific reports, 9(1): 1-9. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-43679-5
  15. Venkateswarlu, O. (2001). Correlation and path analysis in green gram. Legume Research-An International Journal, 24(2): 115-117.