Main Article Content


Among several constrains curtailing the yield potential of a crop, lack of proper mineral nutrition in particular sulphur management, a nutrient that is needed in trace amount but essential for plant growth is more alarming. Sulphur is the main source of protein particularly for cereal crop. An experiment was conducted to find out influence of sulphur aerosols on morpho-physiological, yield, and yield traits of wheat. S-aerosols viz., (NH4)2SO4, CaSO4, and K2SO4: @ 300 ppm each (?30 kg N ha-1) along with a control were misted on the plants, on sunny days in the afternoon (after 2–3 P.M.) at three different growth stages i.e. seedling, maximum tillering and spike initiation stages. Therefore, a total concentration of each S-aerosols was 900 ppm ? 0.9%.Genotypes (viz., GW-322, GW-366, GW-273, GW-173, JW-336) were raised both under Pot culture (Expt.1) and field  (Expt.2) observations recorded are : LA, LAI, SLW, Tiller numbers, No. of seed per spike, length of spike, spike weight, TW, BY, EY, HI. The investigation was carried out aiming to test the hypothesis that foliar fed Sulphur aerosols influence economic yield of wheat crop positively. The genotype GW-366 was the most responsive in physiological traits and GW-273 for yield traits under the influence of foliar fertilization with S-aerosols. Among the S-aerosols, (NH4)2SO4 was the most effective in the work. The results in this experiment are contribution of Sulphur aerosols using PCA towards total diversity.


Aerosols Climate Change PCA S-aerosols Sulphur Wheat Yield

Article Details

How to Cite
Gaddameedi, B., Bharali , B. ., & Devi , S. H. . (2021). Influence of sulphur aerosols on physiological, yield and yield attributing of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) using principal component analysis. Environment Conservation Journal, 22(3), 365–373.


  1. Burney, J., & Ramanathan, V. (2014). Recent climate and air pollution impacts on Indian agriculture. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(46), 16319-16324. DOI:
  2. Chameides, W. L., Yu, H., Liu, S. C., Bergin, M., Zhou, X., Mearns, L., & Giorgi, F. (1999). Case study of the effects of atmospheric aerosols and regional haze on agriculture: an opportunity to enhance crop yields in China through emission controls?. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 96(24), 13626-13633. DOI:
  3. Chen, Y., Zhang, Z., & Tao, F. (2018). Impacts of climate change and climate extremes on major crops productivity in China at a global warming of 1.5 and 2.0 C. Earth System Dynamics, 9(2), 543-562. DOI:
  4. DES (2017). Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Pocket book on Agricultural statistics, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi.
  5. FAO (2018). Food Outlook Biannual Report on Global Food Markets. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  6. FAO (2017). India Country Programming Framework. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations.
  7. Hu, B., Zhao, X., Liu, H., Liu, Z., Song, T., Wang, Y., & Xin, J. (2017). Quantification of the impact of aerosol on broadband solar radiation in North China. Scientific reports, 7(1), 1-8. DOI:
  8. Lobell, D. B., Hammer, G. L., McLean, G., Messina, C., Roberts, M. J., & Schlenker, W. (2013). The critical role of extreme heat for maize production in the United States. Nature climate change, 3(5), 497-501. DOI:
  9. Lobell, D. B., Schlenker, W., & Costa-Roberts, J. (2011). Climate trends and global crop production since 1980. Science, 333(6042), 616-620. DOI:
  10. Myhre, G., Samset, B. H., Schulz, M., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S., Berntsen, T. K., & Zhou, C. (2013). Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13(4), 1853-1877. DOI:
  11. Petäjä, T., Järvi, L., Kerminen, V. M., Ding, A. J., Sun, J. N., Nie, W., & Kulmala, M. (2016). Enhanced air pollution via aerosol-boundary layer feedback in China. Scientific reports, 6(1), 1-6.. DOI:
  12. UN (2017). United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The Revision, Key Findings and Advance ESA/P/WP/248.

Most read articles by the same author(s)