Main Article Content


This study was conducted among the local people of Pithoragarh district (Uttarakhand) to document the ethnomedicinal plants used as remedies for various skin diseases. A total of 52 plant species from 36 families were listed for curing skin ailments such as allergies, infections, pigmentation, acne, pimples, burns, wounds, etc. It is noted that most of the plant formulations were applied externally in the form of paste. However, phytochemical analysis and pharmacognostic research on these recorded plants should be conducted to determine their therapeutic potential as a first step toward the development of effective drugs. This valuable knowledge about indigenous uses of the reported plant species must be conserved for sustainable use and future generations.


Allergies Ethnomedicine Skin diseases Therapeutics

Article Details

How to Cite
Renu, Bharti, Kumar, D., & Arya, P. (2023). Traditional uses of ethno-medicinal plants for the treatment of skin ailments in district Pithoragarh, Uttarakhand, India. Environment Conservation Journal, 24(3), 47–53.


  1. Abbasi, A. M., Khan, M. A., Ahmad, M., Zafar, M., Jahan, S. & Sultana, S. (2010). Ethnopharmacological application of medicinal plants to cure skin diseases and in folk cosmetics among the tribal communities of North-West Frontier Province, Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 128(2), 322–335. DOI:
  2. Abeysinghe, D. T., Kumara, K. A., Kaushalya, K. A., Chandrika, U. G. & Alwis, D. D. (2021). Phytochemical screening, total polyphenol, flavonoid content, in vitro antioxidant and antibacterial activities of Sri Lankan varieties of Murraya koenigii and Micromelum minutum leaves. Heliyon, 7(7), e07449. DOI:
  3. Bhat, P., Hegde, G. R., Hegde, G. & Mulgund, G. S. (2014). Ethnomedicinal plants to cure skin diseases-an account of the traditional knowledge in the coastal parts of Central Western Ghats, Karnataka, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 151(1), 493–502. DOI:
  4. Brishty, S. R., Islam Setu, N., Anwar, M. R., Jahan, R., Mia, M. M. K., Fahim Kadir, M. & Islam, M. R. (2020). Ethnobotanical study on medicinal plants for dermatological disorders at Chittagong Hill Tracts, Bangladesh. Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Research, 6(1), 61–90.
  5. Ghorbani, A. (2005). Studies on pharmaceutical ethnobotany in the region of Turkmen Sahra, north of Iran:(Part 1): General results. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 102(1), 58–68. DOI:
  6. Gordon, M. C. & David, J. N. (2001). Natural product drug discovery in the next millennium. Pharmaceutical Biology, 39(Sup1), 8–17. DOI:
  7. Joseph, B. & Raj, S. J. (2010). Pharmacognostic and phytochemical properties of Aloe vera Linn.- an overview. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Review and Research, 4(2), 106–110.
  8. Kapkoti, B., Lodhiyal, N. & Lodhiyal, L. S. (2014). Ethno-medicinal plants and their uses by van panchayat people in Nainital of Kumaun Region, Uttarakhand. Biolife Journal of Biology and Life Science, 2(2), 526–532.
  9. Kayani, S., Ahmad, M., Sultana, S., Shinwari, Z. K., Zafar, M., Yaseen, G., Hussain, M. & Bibi, T. (2015). Ethnobotany of medicinal plants among the communities of alpine and sub-alpine regions of Pakistan. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 164, 186–202. DOI:
  10. Kebede, T., Gadisa, E. & Tufa, A. (2021). Antimicrobial activities evaluation and phytochemical screening of some selected medicinal plants: A possible alternative in the treatment of multidrug-resistant microbes. PLoS One, 16(3), e0249253. DOI:
  11. Kumar, N. & Sakhya, S. K. (2013). Ethnopharmacological properties of Curcuma longa: a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences and Research, 4(1), 103–112.
  12. Mehra, A., Bajpai, O., & Joshi, H. (2014). Diversity, utilization and sacred values of ethno-medicinal plants of Kumaun Himalaya. Tropical Plant Research, 1(3), 80–86.
  13. Nema, N. K., Maity, N., Sarkar, B. & Mukherjee, P. K. (2011). Cucumis sativus fruit-potential antioxidant, anti-hyaluronidase, and anti-elastase agent. Archives of Dermatological Research, 303(4), 247–252. DOI:
  14. Ojha, S. N., Tiwari, D., Anand, A. & Sundriyal, R. C. (2020). Ethnomedicinal knowledge of a marginal hill community of Central Himalaya: diversity, usage pattern, and conservation concerns. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 16(1), 1–21. DOI:
  15. Parameshwaraiah, S. & Shivakumar, H. G. (1998). Evaluation of topical formulations of aqueous extract of Centella asiatica on open wounds in rats. Indian Journal of Experimental Biology, 36(6), 569–572.
  16. Parthiban, R., Vijayakumar, S., Prabhu, S. & Yabesh, J. G. E. M. (2016). Quantitative traditional knowledge of medicinal plants used to treat livestock diseases from Kudavasal taluk of Thiruvarur district, Tamil Nadu, India. Revista Brasileira de Farmacognosia, 26(1), 109–121. DOI:
  17. Sabale, P., Modi, A. & Sabale, V. (2013). Curcuma longa Linn. A phytochemical and phytopharmacological review. Research Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 5(2), 59–68.
  18. Sharif, A., Asif, H., Younis, W., Riaz, H., Bukhari, I. A. & Assiri, A. M. (2018). Indigenous medicinal plants of Pakistan used to treat skin diseases: a review. Chinese Medicine, 13(1), 1–26. DOI:
  19. Sharma, J., Gairola, S., Sharma, Y. P. & Gaur, R. D. (2014). Ethnomedicinal plants used to treat skin diseases by Tharu community of district Udham Singh Nagar, Uttarakhand, India. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 158, 140–206. DOI:
  20. Sharma, J., Gaur, R. D., Gairola, S., Painuli, R. M. & Siddiqi, T. O. (2013). Traditional herbal medicines used for the treatment of skin disorders by the Gujjar tribe of Sub-Himalayan tract, Uttarakhand. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 12(4), 736–746.
  21. Sotiroudis, G., Melliou, E., Sotiroudis, T. G. & Chinou, I. (2010). Chemical analysis, antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of three Greek cucumber (Cucumis sativus) cultivars. Journal of Food Biochemistry, 34, 61–78. DOI:
  22. Sultana, S., Asif, H. M., Akhtar, N., Waqas, M. & Rehman, S. U. (2014). Comprehensive review on ethanobotanical uses, phytochemistry and pharmacological properties of Melia azedarach Linn. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Health Care, 6(1), 26–32.
  23. Sumathi, T., Ponnuswami, V. & Senthamizh, B. S. (2008). Anatomical changes of cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) leaves and roots as influenced by shade and fertigation. Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, 4(6), 630–638.