Main Article Content


Mulches are materials that are put to the surface of the soil for a variety of reasons. Plastic mulches of various colours have been developed and employed in a variety of agricultural production methods. Colored plastic mulches are used to modify the radiation budget and prevent soil water loss. It also helps with weed and insect infestation, as well as soil temperature regulation, water efficiency, plant development, yield, and quality. This paper reviews and discusses the understanding and prospective application of coloured plastic mulches to improve soil physical attributes growth, yield, and crop quality. Colored plastic mulches' effectiveness in minimising the detrimental impacts of environmental stress on crops is also explored. The impact of coloured plastic mulches on soil temperature has been documented by several researchers to vary from area to area and crop to crop. Various physicochemical mechanisms have also described that result in increased crop productivity when coloured plastic mulches are employed. Colored plastic mulches have a significant impact on soil temperature, moisture, and water holding capacity, according to the study. Clear and white plastics lower the temperature of the soil, but black and blue plastics raise it. A higher number of fruits, roots, tubers, and bulbs were produced when coloured plastic mulches were used. TSS, Vitamin C, and the proportion of liquid in diverse plants all improved significantly. Infestation of weeds and viral diseases has also been found to be significantly reduced. Reduced plant growth and yield, increased pest infestation, microplastic pollution, soil puddling, soil structural loss, and reduced soil-microorganism activity are some of the disadvantages of coloured plastic mulches. As a result, using coloured plastic mulches demands a detailed investigation of interactions with factors such as cropping season, root zone temperature, crop type, insect pest infestation, and water use efficiency.


Colored plastic mulches black color film silver plastic film red plastic film water use efficiency

Article Details

How to Cite
Deepika Yadav, Ramana Rao KV, Ayu, A. T., Yogesh Rajwade, & Neelendra Verma. (2023). Reflective mulch films a boon for enhancing crop production: A review. Environment Conservation Journal, 24(1), 281–287.


  1. Adnan, M. M., Rahim, M. A., Haque T. & Hossain, M.M. (2017). Growth and yield performance of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa Duch.) as influenced by variety and mulch materials. Fundamental of Applied Agriculture, 2(1), 202-206.
  2. Agrawal, N., Panigrahi, H. K., Sharma, D., & Agrawal, R. (2010). Effect of different colour mulches on the growth and yield of Tomato under Chhattisgarh region. Indian Journal of Horticulture, 67, 295-300.
  3. Ashrafuzzaman, M., Abdul, H. M., Ismail, M. R., Shahidullah, S. M., & Hossain, M. A. (2011). Effect of Plastic Mulch on Growth and Yield of Chilli (Capsicum annuum L.). Brazilian Archives of biology and Technology, 54(2), 321-330. DOI:
  4. Awal, M. A., Dhar, P., & Sultan, M. (2016). Effect of Mulching on Microclimatic Manipulation, Weed Suppression, and Growth and Yield of Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Journal of Agriculture and Ecology Research International, 8(2), 1-12. DOI:
  5. Bakshi, P., Bhat, D., Wali, V.K., Sharma, A., & Iqbal, M. (2014). Growth, yield and quality of strawberry (Fragaria xananassa Duch.) cv. Chandler as influenced by variousmulching materials. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 9(7), 701-706. DOI:
  6. Berihun B. (2011). Effect of mulching and amount of water on the yield of tomato under drip irrigation. Journal of Horticulture Forest, 3, 200-206.
  7. Bhatt, L., Rana, R., Uniyal, S. P., & Singh, V. P. (2011). Effect of mulch materials on vegetative characters, yield and economics of summer squash (Cucurbita pepo) under rainfed mid-hill condition of Uttarakhand. Vegetable Science, 38, 165-168.
  8. Brown, J. E., Dangler, J. M., Woods, F. M., Tilt, K. M., Henshaw, M. D., Grifey, W. A., & West, M. S. (2019). Delay in Mosaic Virus Onset and Aphid Vector Reduction in Summer Squash Grown on Reflective Mulches. Horticultural Science, 28, 895–896. DOI:
  9. Claudio, E. C. T., Luis, I. J., Luis, A., Valdez, A., Javier, R. A., Antonio, C. F., Alejandro, Z. G., Carlos, J. L. C., José, H. V. S., & Vicente, T. O. (2017). Influence of colored plastic mulch on soil temperature, growth, nutrimental status, and yield of bell pepper under shade house conditions. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 40(8), 1083-1090. DOI:
  10. Dadheech, S., Ramawtar, & Yadav, C. M. (2018). Impact of Mulching Material on the Growth, Yield and Quality of Watermelon (Citrullus lonatus). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(7), 2774-2782. DOI:
  11. Deshmukh, Y. K., Sinha, J., Sinha, G., & Verma, P. D. (2013). Effect of mulches and level of irrigation on soil temperature, soil moisture depletion and crop yield for bottle gourd. International Journal of Applied Engineering and Technology, 3(3), 29–35.
  12. Díaz-Pérez., J. C. (2010). Bell pepper (Capsicum annum L) grown on plastic film mulches: Effects on crop microenvironment, physiological attributes and fruit yield. Horticultural Science, 45, 1196–204. DOI:
  13. Gangwar, S., Bajpai, A., Rao, K. V. R., Chourasia, L., & Kumar, S. (2017). Effect of Duration of Plastic Mulch on potato (solanum tuberosum l.) growth and yield under Drip Irrigation. The Bioscan, 12(1), 527-530.
  14. Hatami, S., Nourjou, A., Henareh, M., & Pourakbar, L. (2012). Comparison effects of different methods of black plastic mulching and planting patterns on weed control, water-use efficiency and yield in tomato crops. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 2, 928-934.
  15. Helaly, A. A., Goda, Y., El-Rehim, A. A., Mohamed, A.,A., & El Zeiny, O. A. H. (2017). Effect of polyethylene mulching type on the growth, yield and fruits quality of physalis pubescens. Advances in Plants and Agriculture Research, 6(5), 154-160. DOI:
  16. Kader, M. A., Khan, F. H., Tulip, S. S., Mridha, M. A. H., & Jewel, A. (2021). Applicability of plastic mulch and conservation strip tillage for potato production in Bangladesh. Sains Tanah Journal of Soil Science and Agroclimatology, 18(2), 115-125. DOI:
  17. Karam, F., Mohamed, A. A. A., & Sabry, A. M. H. (2016). Growth and Productivity of Potato under Different Irrigation Levels and Mulch Types in the North West of the Nile Delta, Egypt. Middle East. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(4), 774-786.
  18. Khan, M. N., Khan, A. A., Ayub, G., Haseeb, A., Ali, F., Ahmad, H., & Ying, Z. (2018). The Influence of Plastic Mulching Materials and Sowing Dates on the Yield and Yield Components of Pea (Pisum sativum L.). Research in Agriculture, 3(2), 50. DOI:
  19. Kumar, A., Kumar, M., Singh, B., Singh, M. K., Singh, S. P., Singh, R., & Kumar, R. (2020). Growth, Yield and Quality of Cauliflower as Influenced by Different Sources of Nutrients and Mulching in Indo-Gangatic Plains of Western Uttar Pradesh. International Research Journal of Pure and Applied Chemistry, 21(24), 300-307. DOI:
  20. Kumar, S. D., & Lal, B. R. (2012). Effect of mulching on crop production under rainfed condition: A review. International Journal of Resource Chemical Environment, 2, 8-20.
  21. Lament, W. J. (2017). Plastic mulches for the production of vegetable crops. A Guide to the Manufacture, Performance, and Potential of Plastics in Agriculture, 1-4. DOI:
  22. Li, X. B., Suo, H. C., An, K., Fang, Z. W., Wang, L., Zhang, X. L., & Liu, X. J. (2018). The effect of mulching on soil temperature, winter potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) growth and yield in field experiment, South China. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 16(2), 913-929. DOI:
  23. Mahadeen, A. (2014). Effect of polyethylene black plastic mulch on growth and yield of two summer vegetable crops under rain-fed conditions under semi-arid region conditions. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Sciences, 9(2), 202-207. DOI:
  24. Mark, G. H., & David, T. H. (2007). Effects of Silver Reflective Mulch, White Inter-row Mulch, and Plant Density on Yields of Pepper in Maine. Horttechnology, 17(2), 214-220. DOI:
  25. Maughanand, T., & Drost, D. T. (2016). Use of Plastic Mulch for Vegetable Production.
  26. Mintu, J., Rusia, D. K., Dinmani, & Singh, V. K. (2018). Effect of drip irrigation and plastic mulch on yield, water use efficiency of cauliflower. Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, SP1, 2556-2560.
  27. Mohammad, A. H., Muhammad, J., & Clarke, D. (2018). Effect of plastic mulch on crop yield and land degradation in south coastal saline soils of Bangladesh. International Soil and Water Conservation Research, 6, 317–324. DOI:
  28. Parmar, H. N., Polara, N. D., & Viradiya, R. R. (2013). Effect of Mulching Material on Growth, Yield and Quality of Watermelon (Citrullus Lanatus Thunb) Cv. Kiran. Universal Journal of Agricultural Research, 1(2), 30-37. DOI:
  29. Posada, F. C., Fonseca, E., & Vaughan, G. (2011). Fruit quality in strawberry (Fragaria sp.) grown on colored plastic mulch. Agronomy Colombia, 29(3), 1-3.
  30. Qiang, L., Hongbing, L., Li, Z., Suiqi, Z., & Yinglong, C. (2018). Mulching improves yield and water-use efficiency of potato cropping in China: A meta-analysis. Field Crops Research, 221, 50-60. DOI:
  31. Rannu, R. P., Ahmed, R., Siddiky, A., Ali, A. S. M. Y., Murad, K. F., & Sarkar, P. K. (2018). Effect of Irrigation and Mulch on the Yield and Water Use of Strawberry. International Journal of Agronomy, 2018(2), 1-10. DOI:
  32. Rao, K. V. R., Aherwar, P., Gangwar, S., Soni, K., & Yadav D. (2018). Growth, Yield, Economics, Water Use Efficiency and Microbial Functions of Pigeon Pea Crop influenced by Drip Irrigation with Plastic Mulch. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 7(12), 2284-2290. DOI:
  33. Rao, K. V. R., Aherwar, P., Gangwar, S., & Yadav, D. (2021). Effect of Mulching on Chickpea under Low Head Drip Irrigation System. Legume Research, 44, 1233-1239.
  34. Rao, K. V. R., Bajpai, A., Gangwar, S., Chourasia, L., & Soni, K. (2017). Effect of mulching on growth, yield and economics of watermelon (Citrullus lanatus Thunb). Environmental Ecology, 35, 2437-2441.
  35. Rao, K. V. R., Gangwar, S., Bajpai, A., Chourasia, L., & Soni, K. (2016). Effect of different mulches on the growth, yield and economics of tomato (Lycopersicon Esculentum). International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 8(44), 1885-1887.
  36. Rashidi, M., Gholam, M., & Abbass, S. (2010). Effect of plastic mulch and tillage method on yield and yield components of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum). Journal of Agriculture and Biology Sciences, 5, 5-11.
  37. Reddy, C., Avinashe, H., & Dubey, N. (2020). Effect of different Plastic Mulches on Vegetable Production:
  38. Review. International journal of innovative research in technology, 7(6), 140-143.
  39. Rylander, H., Rangarajan, A., Maher, R. M., Hutton, M. G., Rowley, N. W., Mc Grath, M. T., & Sexton, Z. F. (2020). Black plastic tarps advance organic reduced tillage ii: impact on weeds and beet yield. Horticultural Science, 55, 1–6. DOI:
  40. Sarkar, M. D., Solaiman, A. H. M., Jahan, M. S., Rojoni, R. N., Kabir, K., & Hasanuzzaman, M. (2019). Soil parameters, onion growth, physiology, biochemical and mineral nutrient composition in response to colored polythene film mulches. Annal of Agriculture Sciences, 64, 63–70. DOI:
  41. Saxena, M. (2018). Horticulture Statistics at a Glance. Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Deptt. of Agriculture, Corporation and Farmers Welfare. Chandu Press, New Delhi.
  42. Shah, J. M., Sarkar, D. M., Chakraborty, R., Muhammad Solaiman, A. H., Akter, A., Shu, S., & Guo, S. (2018). Impacts of plastic filming on growth environment, yield parameters and quality attributes of lettuce. Not Science Biology, 10, 522–529. DOI:
  43. Sharma, V. K., & Goel, A. K. (2017). Effect of mulching and nitrogen on growth and yield of strawberry. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology, 6(3), 2074-2079.
  44. Snyder, K., Grant, A., Murray, C., & Wolff, B. (2015). The effects of plastic mulch systems on soil temperature and moisture in Central Ontario. HortTechnology, 25, 162-170. DOI:
  45. Tawfeeq, A. M., & Abdulrhman, H. B. (2021). Effect of Mulching Type on Growth and Yield of Two Cauliflower Varieties (Brassica Oleracea L. Var. Botrytis). Earth and Environmental Science, 761, 012056. DOI:
  46. Trivedi, A., & Nandeha, N. (2020). Organic Mulching: A Step towards Putting Sustainability into Practice. National Webinar on Organic farming. College of Agriculture, Balaghat, 109-112.
  47. USD Report of Agriculture. Mulch: Using colored plastic mulches in the vegetable garden. UMass Extension Center for Agriculture, 1–2.