Main Article Content


Mentha species belongs to Lamiaceae family is an important industrial crop, cultivated commercially on large scale. In this study, a common cultivar of M. arvensis with a high essential oil content (Cim Kranti) was investigated to determine the impact of drying techniques for 10 days immediately following harvest on the essential oil content and its chemical profile under three conditions: open field (S1), shade (S2), and ventilated chamber (S3). According to results, significantly higher essential oil (0.723%) with 77.58 % of menthol content was observed in freshly harvested crop on same /1st day of harvest (T1) than any other conditions. M. arvensis was harvested and drying in open field condition (S1) has showed 0.68% of essential oil having rich amount of menthol (76.86 % ) content on fresh sample (T1) which decline to 0.51% essential oil content with menthol content 76.88% at 10th days after harvest. M. arvensis dying in ventilated room (S3) showed essential oil (0.71%) and menthol content 76.58 % on same day of harvest, which later decreases upto 0.6% essential oil with menthol content 74.32% on 10th day after harvest. Results concluded that the best quality and high yield of essential oil of M. arvensis should willingly be distilled fresh just after harvest. It also indicates that postharvest processes should immediately followed harvesting with appropriate drying method to minimize the loss of high quality essential oil.


Aromatic crop Essential oil Harvesting Lamiaceae Menthol-mint Storage method

Article Details

How to Cite
Pandey, P., Upadhyay, R. K., Padalia, R., KT, V., Kumar, D., Chauhan, A., Tiwari, A., & Singh, V. (2023). Standardization of post-harvest practices for best quality essential oil production of Mentha arvensis L. Environment Conservation Journal, 24(1), 232–237.


  1. Alves, M.F., Blank, A.F., Arrigoni-Blank, M.F., Fontes, S.S., de Jesus, H.C.R. and Alves, P.B. (2015). Establishment of methodology for drying leaves and storage of essential oil of linalool chemotype Ocimum basilicum L. Biosci. J., 31, 1441–1449. DOI:
  2. Ambrose, D.C.P., & Naik, R. (2013). Mechanical Drying of Senna leaves (Cassia angustifolia). Curr. Agri. Res, 1(1), 65-68. DOI:
  3. Çalişkan, T., Maral, H., Prietol, L.M.V.G., Kafkas, E., & Kirici, S. (2017). The Influence of different drying methods on essential oil content and composition of peppermint (Mentha piperita L.) in Çukurova Conditions. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Education and Research, 51(3), 5518-5521. DOI:
  4. Dehghani, M. R., Larijani, K., Mehrafarin, A., & Badi, H. N. (2018). Changes in the essential oil content and composition of Thymus daenensis Celak. under different drying methods. Industrial Crops and Products, 112, 389–395.
  5. Ebadi, M.T., Azizi, M., Sefidkon, F. & Ahmadi, N. (2015). Influence of different drying methods on drying period, essential oil content and composition of Lippia citriodora Kunth. J. Appl. Res. Med. Aromat. Plants, 2, 182–187. DOI:
  6. Gasparin, P.P., Alves, N.C.C., Christ, D. & Coelho, S.R.M. (2014). Quality of leaves and essential oil yield of peppermint (Mentha x piperita L.) submitted to the drying process in fixed-bed dryer. Rev. Bras. Plantas Med. 16: 337–344. DOI:
  7. Gupta, A.K., Mishra, R., Singh, A.K., Srivastavaa, A. & Lal, R.K. (2016). Genetic variability and correlations of essential oil yield with agro-economic traits in Mentha species and identification of promising cultivars. Ind. Crops Prod, 7, 9274. DOI:
  8. Khanuja, S.P.S., Kalra, A., Rao, E.V.S.P., Singh, S., Chauhan, H.S., Tandon, S., et al. (2004). Pogostemon patchouli cultivation. Farm Bulletin, Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow, 2004.
  9. Mahdiyan, F. & Pirbalouti, A.G. (2017). Qualitative and quantitative changes in the essential oil of sage (Salvia hydrangea DC ex Benth) as affected by different drying methods. Journal of Herbal Drugs, 7(4),269-274.
  10. Mahmoudi, A., Karami, M., Ebadi, M., & Ayyari, M. (2020). Effects of infrared drying and air flow rate on qualitative parameters of Matricaria chamomilla L. Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Research, 36(5), 709–723.
  11. Mashkani, M.R.D., Larijani, K., Mehrafarin, A. & Badi, H.N. (2018). Changes in the essential oil content and composition of Thymus daenensis Celak. under different drying methods. Ind. Crops Prod, 112, 389–395. DOI:
  12. Ozdemir, N., Ozgen, Y., Kiralan, M., Bayrak, A., Arslan, N., & Ramadan, M. F. (2017). Effect of different drying methods on the essential oil yield, composition and antioxidant activity of Origanum vulgare L. and Origanum onites L. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization,12(2), 820–825. DOI:
  13. Pluha, Z., Szabo, D. & Sarosi, S. (2016). Effects of different factors influencing the essential oil properties of Thymus vulgaris L. Plant Science Today, 3(3), 312-326. DOI:
  14. Rahimi, A., & Farrokhi, E. (2019). Evaluation of the effect of different drying methods on antioxidant and phytochemical activity of essential oil of Origanum vulgare L. Subsp. Gracile. Eco-phytochemical Journal of Medicinal Plants, 7(3), 15–27.
  15. Rawashdeh, I.A.M. (2011). Molecular taxonomy among Mentha spicata, Mentha longifolia and Ziziphor atenuior populations using the RAPD technique Jordan. J Biol Sci., 4(2), 63–67.
  16. Rebey, I. B., Bourgou, S., Kaab, S. B., Wannes, W. A., Ksouri, R., Tounsi, M. S., & Fauconnier, M. L. (2020). On the effect of initial drying techniques on essential oil composition, phenolic compound and antioxidant properties of anise (Pimpinella anisum L.) seeds. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization, 14(1), 220–228. DOI:
  17. Salehi, B., Stojanovi´c-Radi´c, Z., Mateji´c, J., Sharopov, F., Antolak, H., Kr˛egiel, D., Sen, S., Sharifi-Rad, M., Acharya, K. & Sharifi-Rad, R. (2018). Plants of Genus Mentha: From Farm to Food Factory. Plants, 7-70. DOI:
  18. Silva, F.S., Menezes, P.M.N., Sá, P.G.S.D., Oliveira, A.L.S.S., Souza, E.A.A., Da Silva, J.R.G.A., Lima, J.T.D., Uetanabaro, A.P.T., Silva, T.R.D.S., Peralta, E.D., et al. (2016). Chemical composition and pharmacological properties of the essential oils obtained seasonally from Lippia thymoides. Pharm. Biol, 54, 25–34. DOI:
  19. Singh, A.K. & Khanuja, S.P.S. (2007). CIMAP initiatives for menthol mint. Spice India, (December), 14-17.
  20. Thamkaew, G., Sjöholm, I., & Galindo, F. G. (2020). A review of drying methods for improving the quality of dried herbs. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 60, 1–24. 398.2020.1765309.
  21. Upadhyay, R. K., Singh, V. R., Verma, R. S., Padalia, R. C., Chauhan, A. & Tewari, S.K. (2019). Development of postharvest management practices for quality essential oil production of Cymbopogon flexuosus (Nees ex Steud.) W. Watson. Journal of Essential Oil Research, 31(6), 556-561. DOI:
  22. Yadegri, M., fakhiryan, A. Z., & Mohhamadkhani, A. (2013). The effect of different drying methods on essential oil content & composition and marketing of Lippia citriodora Kunth. Journal of Applied Science & agriculture, 8(5), 624-628.