Comparative analysis of phytoplankton dynamics and water quality assessment in selected lentic water bodies of Haryana, India

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published Dec 15, 2023
Pooja Devi
Anita Bhatnagar

Abstract

The study was designed to assess the water quality based on physico-chemical parameters and phytoplankton communities of eight lentic water bodies of Haryana which are famous for mass bathing and religious rituals taking place here. To evaluate comparative analysis of composition, diversity and distribution of Phytoplankton and physico-chemical factors, water samples were collected seasonally viz., summer, monsoon, post monsoon and in winters from all the eight sites in triplicate. Total 118 phytoplankton taxa were observed at all sites. Among these cyanophyceae group was found most dominant at sites 1, 2, 4, 5, 7, 8 whereas cholorophyceae at site 6, bacillariophyceae at site 1,3,4,7 whereas xanthophyceae was in abundance at site 5. Population density (nos. L-1) wise phytoplankton trend was Cyanophyceae > Chlorophyceae > Bacillariophyceae >Desmidiaceae and Species diversity wise phytoplankton trend observed was Chlorophyceae > Bacillariophyceae > Cyanophyceae >Desmidiaceae. Correlation of different phytoplankton groups with physicochemical factors revealed a significant negative correlation of Cyanophyceae with pH, whereas a significant positive correlation of ortho-phosphate with Desmids and bacillariophyceae wheareas CO2 showed a positive correlation with Xanthophyceae.  Appearance of pollution tolerant taxa of phytoplankton Microcystis aeruginosa, Phormidium sp., Scenedesmus spp., Pediastrum spp., Mougeotia sp., Synedra sp., Pediastrum spp. at most of the sites indicated the sign of the more organic pollution and degradation in the water quality of the selected sites due to religious immersion, mass bathing and by other anthropogenic activities. Suitable remedial actions should be adopted by regulatory bodies and policy makers to maintain the water quality of these aquatic systems.

How to Cite

Devi, P., & Bhatnagar, A. (2023). Comparative analysis of phytoplankton dynamics and water quality assessment in selected lentic water bodies of Haryana, India. Environment Conservation Journal. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.24582661

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 1 | PDF Downloads 0

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

Aquatic Ecosystem, Correlation, Diversity, Lentic, Phytoplankton, Water Quality

References
Akhter, S. & Brraich, O.S. (2020). Spatial and temporal distribution of phytoplankton from Ropar Wetland (Ramsar Site) Punjab, India. Applied Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 8(1), 25–33.
Ansari, M.F., Ankalgi, R.F. & Ankalgi, S.R. (2008). Physico-chemical aspects and plankton of Unkal lake at Hubli, Karnataka, India. Proceeding of Taal 2007: The 12th World Lake Conference, 1687-1694. \
APHA. (2005). Standard Method for the examination of water and wastewater. 21st Edn, APHA, AWWA, WPCF, Washington DC, USA.
Badrakh, A., Chultemdorji, T., Hagan, R., Govind, S., Tserendorj, T., Vanya, D., Dalaijamts, C. & Shinee , E. A study of the quality and hygienic conditions of spring water in Mongolia. Journal of Water Health, 6 (1), 141-148.
Bhat, N.A., Wanganeo, A. & Raina, R. (2015). Variability in water quality and phytoplankton community during dry and wet periods in the Tropical Wetland, Bhopal, India. Journal of Ecosystem & Ecography, 5(2), 160(1-8).
Callieri, C. (2008). Picophytoplankton in freshwater ecosystems: the importance of small-sized phototrophs. Freshwater Reviews, 1, 1-28.
Chandrashekar, J.S., Babu, K.L. & Somashekar, R.K. (2003). Impact of urbanization on Bellandur lake, Bangalore-a case study. Journal of Environmental Biology, 24(3), 223-227.https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/15259597/
Dao, T.S., & Bui, T.N.P. (2016). Phytoplankton from Vam Co River in Southern Vietnam. Environmental Management and Sustainable Development, 5(1), 113-125.
Das, A.K. (2000). Limno-Chemistry of Some Andhra Pradesh Reservoirs. Journal of the Inland Fisheries Society of India, 32, 37-44.
Davies, O.A., Abowei, J.F.N. & Otene, B.B. (2009) Seasonal abundance and distribution of plankton of Minichinda Stream, Niger Delta, Nigeria. American Journal of Scientific Research, 2,20–30. https://www.researchgate.net/publication/280153479_Davies_OA_Abowei_JFN_Otene_BB_2009_Seasonal_Abundance_and_Distribution_of_Plankton_of_Minichinda_Stream_Niger_Delta_Nigeria
Dembowska, E.A., Mieszczankin, T. & Napiórkowski, P. (2018). Changes of the phytoplankton community as symptoms of deterioration of water quality in a shallow lake. Environmental Monitoring Assessment, 190, 95.
Deyab, M.A. (2002). Phytoplankton diversity in some ponds at New Damietta – Egypt. Egyptian Journal of Phycology, 3, 1-15.
Duncan, D.B. (1955). Multiple range and multiple F tests. Biometrics, 11 (1), 1–42.
George, B., Nirmal Kumar, J.I. & Rita, N.K. (2012). Study on the influence of hydro-chemical parameters on phytoplankton distribution along Tapi estuarine area of gulf of Khambhat, India. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 38, 157–170.
Goma, J., Rimet, F., Cambra, J., Hoffmann, L. & Ector, L. (2005). Diatom communities and water quality assessment in Mountain Rivers of the upper Segre basin (La Cerdanya, Oriental Pyrenees). Hydrobiology, 551, 209–225.
Harsha, T.S. & Malammanavar, S.G. (2004). Assessment of phytoplankton density in relation to environmental variables in Gopalaswamy pond at Chitradurga, Karnataka. Journal of Environmental Biology, 25(1), 113-116.
Hassan-Fikrat, M., Taylor, W.D., Mayson, M.S., Al-Taee Hassan, J.J. & Al-Fatlawi. (2010). Phytoplankton composition of Euphrates River in Al-Hindiya barrage and Kifil city region of Iraq.Journal of Environmental Biology, 31, 343-350.
Hulyal, S.B. &Kaliwal, B.B. (2009). Dynamics of phytoplankton in relation to physico-chemical factors of Almatti reservoir of Bijapur District, Karnataka State. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 153, 45–59.
Jana, S.N., Garg, S.K., Arasu, A.R.T., Bhatnagar, Anita, Singh, G., Kalla, A. & Patra, B.C. (2006). Use of additional substrate to enhance growth performance of milkfish, Chanos chanos (forsskal) in inland saline groundwater ponds. Journal of Applied Aquaculture, 18(1), 1-20
Jhingram, V.G. (1982). Fish and fisheries of India. 2nd Edn. Hindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi.
Kadhim, N. F. (2014). Monthly Variations of Physico-Chemical Characteristics and phytoplankton species diversity as index of water quality in Euphrates River in Al-Hindiya barrage and Kifil City region of Iraq. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare, 4(3), 105-119.
Kumar, M.P. & Prabhahar, C. (2012). Physico-chemical parameters of river water: a review. International Journal of Pharmaceutical & Biological Archive, 3, 1304–1312.
Kumari, P., Dhadse, S., Chaudhari, P.R. & Wate, S.R. (2008). A biomonitoring of plankton to assess quality of water in the lakes of Nagpur city. In: Sengupta M, Dalwani R. editors. Proceedings of Taal 2007: the 12th world lake conference, 160-164.
Kumari, S.P., Gayathri, S. & Ramachandra Mohan, M. (2018). Phytoplankton Diversity in Bangalore Lakes, Importance of Climate Change and Nature’s Benefits to People.Journal of Ecology and Natural Resources, 2(1), 1-8.
Lantang, B. & Pakidi, C.S. (2015). Jurnal Ilmiah Agribisnis dan Perikanan 8(2), 13-19.
Lepisto, L., Holopainen, A.L. & Vuoristo, H. (2004). Type-specific and indicator taxa of phytoplankton as a quality criterion for assessing the ecological status of Finnish boreal lakes. Limnologica, 34, 236-248.
Li, Y., Dong, S., Liu, S., Su, X., Wang, X., Zhang, Y. (2019). Relationships between Plant Diversity and Biomass Production of alpine Grasslands Are Dependent on the Spatial Scale and the Dimension of Biodiversity. Journal of Ecological Engineering, 127, 375–382.
Manickam N., Saravana Bhavan P., Santhanam P., Bhuvaneswari R. & Chitrarasu P. (2017). Physico-chemical characteristics and phytoplankton biodiversity in Sulur lake of Coimbatore, South India. Research Journal of Biotechnology, 12(11), 72-82.
Meng J., Yu Z., Miao M., Kong Q., Zhang Y. & Liu J. (2017). Differentiated responses of plankton and zoobenthos to water quality based on annual and seasonal analysis in a freshwater lake. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 26(2), 755–764.
Mondal, D., Pal, J., Ghosh, T.K. & Biswas, A.K. (2012). Rotifer Diversity of Mirik Lake In Darjeeling Himalaya. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2(5), 1451-1456. https://www.primescholars.com/articles/rotifer-diversity-of-mirik-lake-in-darjeeling-himalaya-91576.html
Muhammad, A., Salam, A.,¬¬Sumayya, I.,Tasveer, Z.B. & Qureshi, K.A. (2005). Studies on monthly variations in biological and physicochemical parameters of brackish water fish pond, Muzaffargarh, Pakistan. Journal of scientific Research, 16, 27–38.
Nandan, S.N. & Aher, N.H. (2005). Algal community used for assessment of water quality of Haranbaree dam and Mosam river of Maharashtra. Journal of Environmental Biology, 26, 223-227.
Nautiyal, H., Bhandari, S.P., Sharma, R.C. (2012). Physico-Chemical Study of Dodital Lake in Uttarkashi District of Garhwal Himalaya. International Journal of Scientific and Technology Research, 1(5), 58-60
Needham, J.G. & Needham, P.R. (1975). A guide to the study of fresh water biology. San Francisco: Holden Day Inc. pp.1-108
Negi, R.K., Joshi, P.C. & Negi, T. (2012). Seasonal variation and species composition of phytoplankton in Ganga River and its tributary at Garhwal region, Uttarakhand, India. International Journal of Zoology and Research, 2, 19–30.
Nguyen, G.T. & Nhien H.T.H. (2020). Phytoplankton-water quality relationship in water bodies in the Mekong Delta, Vietnam. Applied of Environmental Research, 42, 2(1–12).
Pawale, R.G. (2014). Studies on scientific aspects of water quality with physico-chemical and biological factors of Vishnupuri Reservoir district, Nanded (Ms). Journal of Science, 4(2), 93-98.
Permatasari, R. D., Djuwito, D., Irwani, I. (2016). Pengaruh Kandungan Nitrat Dan Fosfat Terhadap Kelimpahan Diatom Di Muara Sungai Wulan, Demak. Management of Aquatic Resources Journal, 5(4): 224-232.
Rai, U.N., Dubey, S., Shukla, O.P., Dwivedi, S. & Tripathi, R.D. (2008). Screening and identification of early warning algal species for metal contamination in fresh water bodies polluted from point and nonpoint sources. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 144, 469-481.
Ravindra, K., Ameena, Meenakshi, Monika, Rani & Kaushik, A. (2003). Seasonal variations in physicochemical characteristics of river Yamuna in Haryana and its ecological best designated use. Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 5(3), 419–426.
Rishi, V. & Awasthi, A.K. (2012). Pollution indicator algae of river Ganga at Kanpur. Golden Research Thoughts, 1(7), 1-3.
Rogers, K.M. (2003). Stable carbon and nitrogen isotope signatures indicate recovery of marine biota from sewage pollution at Moa Point, New Zealand. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 46, 821-827. DOI: 10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00097-3
Romin, M. R., Azad, S.A. & Saleh, E. (2021). Variations in the Physicochemical Water Parameters and Phytoplankton Community in Coastal Water of Kudat, Sabah, Malaysia. Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection, 9, 86-99.
Sharma, N., & Walia Y.K. (2017). Water quality investigation by physicochemical parameters of Satluj River (Himachal Pradesh, India). Current World Environment, 12(1), 174–180.
Sharma, R.C., Singh, N. & Chauhan, A. (2016). The influence of physico-chemical parameters on phytoplankton distribution in a head water stream of Garhwal Himalayas: A case study. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Research, 42, 11–21.
Shruthi, M.S., Sushanth, V.R. & Rajashekhar, M. (2011). Diatoms as indicators of water quality deterioration in the estuaries of Dakshina Kannada and Udupi Districts of Karnataka. International Journal of Environmental Science, 2(2), 996-1006.
Soeprobowati, T.R., Addadiyah, N. L., Hariyati, R. & Jumari, J. (2021). Physico-chemical and biological water quality of Warna and Pengilon Lakes, Dieng, Central Java. Journal of Water and Land Development, 51 (X–XII), 38–49. DOI: 10.24425/jwld.2021.139013
Suseela, M.R. (2009). Conservation and Diversity of Fresh water Algae. In: Biology and Biodiversity of Microalgae. Centre for Advanced Studies in Botany, University of Madras, Chennai, India. 2009, pp. 41.
Tarar, J.L. & Bodkhe, S. (2002). Cyanobacteria from the polluted habitat of Nagpur city. Algal Biotechnology, 149-157.
Tas, B. & Gonulol, A. (2007). An ecologic and taxonomic study on phytoplankton of a shallow lake, Turkey. Journal of Environmental Biology, 28, 439-445
Tiwari, A. & Chauhan, S.V.S. (2006). Seasonal phytoplankton diversity of Kitham lake, Agra. Journal of Environmental Biology, 27(1), 35-38.
Tonapi, G.T. (1980). Fresh Water Animals of India (An Ecological Approach). New Delhi: Oxford & IBH. Publ. Co., pp: 341.
Tran, T.H.Y., Tran, T. T., Nguyen, T.M.Y., Ngo, X. Q., Nguyen, X.D., Pham, T.L. (2022). Seasonal changes in phytoplankton assemblages and environmental variables in highly turbid tropical estuaries of the Mekong River, Vietnam. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 194(2), 776.
Trang L.T., Dang, P.D., Khoa, B.D., Tho, L. V., Tu, N.V. (2019). Phytplankton diversity and its relation to the physicochemical parameters in main water bodies of Vinh Long province, Vietnam. Journal of Vietnamese Environment, 11(2), 83-90.
USEPA (2008). Nutrient criteria technical guidance manual wetlands. EPA document: EPA-822-B-08-001 USEPA (United State Environmental Protection Agency)
Vajravelu, M., Martin, Y., Ayyappan, S., & Mayakrishnan, M. (2018). Seasonal Influence of Physico-Chemical Parameters on Phytoplankton Diversity, Community Structure and Abundance at Parangipettai Coastal Waters, Bay of Bengal, South East Coast of India. Oceanologia, 60, 114-127.
Van de Waal, D.B. & Litchman, E. (2020). Multiple global change stressor effects on phytoplankton nutrient acquisition in a future ocean. Philosophical transactions of the Royal Society of London Series B. Biological Sciences, 375, 1–8.
WHO (World Health Organisation) (2003). Guidelines for safe recreation water environments. Coastal and fresh waters. Vol. 1, WHO, Geneva, Switzerland, pp. 220.
Yajurvedi, H.N. (2008). A study of growth on co-efficient and relative condition factor of the major carp (Catla catla) in two lakes differing in water quality. Applied Ecology and Environmental Research, 6(3), 33-47.
Yulfiperinus, Toelihere, M.Z., Affandi, R. & Sjafei, D. (2004). Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 4(1), 1-5
Zhu, H., Liu, X.G., Cheng, S.P. (2021). Phytoplankton community structure and water quality assessment in an ecological restoration area of Baiyangdian Lake, China. International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 18, 1529–1536.
Section
Research Articles