Efficacy of eco-friendly treatments on yield attributes in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) against alternaria blight

Main Article Content

Article Sidebar

Published Jan 15, 2023
Naveen Kumar Ravella
Dharani Udathala
Srinath Reddy

Abstract

Indian Mustard that is emerged as the core oilseed crop is cultivated in the northern regions of India during Rabi season. Alternaria blight is one of the most destructive pathogens for Indian Mustard resulting in huge losses in quality and quantity of the produce. A research study was taken up to control the alternaria blight in Indian Mustard with selected eco-friendly treatments by monitoring disease intensity and yield attributes. It is noted that T2Trichoderma viride has shown significant results on disease intensity and yield attributes, where disease intensity has significantly minimised in T2 may be due to the mycoparasitic nature and ability to generate volatile and non-volatile compounds against pathogen with great anti-microbial activity. The results showed that maximum plant height (56.10 cm), test weight (4.11 g) and seed yield (1.21 t/ha) of Indian Mustard with minimum disease intensity (40.21 %) were recorded in the treatment T2 and followed by T6­­ – neem leaf extract @15% that has shown significant results on Alternaria blight.

How to Cite

Ravella, N. K., Udathala, D., & Iska, S. R. (2023). Efficacy of eco-friendly treatments on yield attributes in Indian mustard (Brassica juncea L.) against alternaria blight. Environment Conservation Journal. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.12982369

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 0 | PDF Downloads 0

Article Details

Keywords

Alternaria blight, Alternaria brassicae, bio-agents, botanicals, Pseudomonas fluorescens, Trichoderma viride.

References
Chattopadhyay, C. (2008). Management of diseases of Rapeseed-Mustard with special reference to Indian conditions. In: Sustainable Production of Oilseeds: Rapeseed Mustard technology. Agrotech Publication Academy, Udaipur, pp. 364-38.
Chattopadhyay, C., Singh, F., Singh, B. & Gupta, Ajit. (2002). Yield losses in Indian mustard due to white rust and effect of some cultural practices on Alternaria blight and white rust severity, Brassica, 4, 18-24.
Dharmendra, K., Neelam, M., Yashwant, K.B., Ajay, K., Kamalesh, K., Kalpana, S., Gireesh, C., Chandra, K.K., Sushil, K.S., Raj, K.M. & Adesh, K. (2014). Alternaria blight of oilseed brassicas: A comprehensive review, African of Microbiology Rsesearch, 8(30), 2816-2829.
Fahad, M.AI-Jassas & Mohammed. S. AI-Jasser. (2012). Chemical composition and fatty acid content of some spices and herbs under Saudi Arabia conditions. The Scientific World Journal, Volume, Article ID 859892, 1-5.
Jay, K.Y., Singh, H.K., Singh, S.K., Kavita. & Shubham, S. (2019). Efficacy of plant extracts against Alternaria brassicae under in vitro condition, Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 8(1), 528-532.
Kadian, A.K. & Saharan, G.S. (1983). Incidence of Alternaria blight of mustard, Cabbage and Cauliflower in the Aligarh district, Chemical and Environmental Research, 7, 111-116.
Kavita & Dalbeer. (2013). Efficacy of different botanicals against Alternaria brassicae in in-vitro conditions, International Journal of Science and Research, 4(8), 791 - 793.
Kolte, S.J. (2002). Diseases and their management in Oilseed crops, new paradigm in oilseeds and oils: research and development needs (Mangala Rai, Harvir Singh, D. M. Hegde ed.), Indian Society of Oilseeds Research, Hyderabad, 244-252.
Kolte, S. J., Awasthi, R.P. & Vishwanath. (1987). Assessment of yield losses due to Alternaria blight in Rapeseed and Mustard, Indian Phytopathology, 40, 209-211.
Mamgain, A., Roychowdhury, R. & Tah, J. (2013). Alternaria pathogenicity and its strategic controls, Research journal of Tropical Agriculture, 1, 01-09.
Ram Singh Dhaliwal and Bhahderjeet Singh. (2020). Effect of weather parameters and date of sowing on intensity of Alternarial blight of rapeseed mustard, Indian Phytopathology, 73(2), 85-95.
Ram, R. S. and Chauhan V.B. (1998). Assessment of yield loss due to Alternaria leaf spot in various cultivars of Mustard and Rapeseed, Journal of Mycopathology Research, 36(2), 109-111.
Rehman, S.U., Lawrence, R., Kumar, E.J. & Zaffar, A.B. (2013). Comparative efficacy of Trichoderma viride, T. harzianum and carbendazim against Alternaria blight disease of cauliflower, Journal of Bio-pesticides, 4(1), 35-37.
Rini, C.R. & Sulochana, K.K. (2006). Management of seedling rot of chilli (Capsium annum L.) using Trichoderma Spp. and fluorescent Pseudomonads Pseudomonas fluorescens), Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 44, 79-82.
Wheeler, B.E.J. (1969). An Introduction to plant disease. John Wiley Sons Limited London, P. 301.
Yogita, T., Sunil, Z. & Brijesh, S.C. (2017). Efficacy of bio-agents and plant extracts against Alternaria leaf blight of Mustard (Brassica juncea L.), European Journal of Biotechnology and Bioscience, 5(4), 29-35.
Section
Articles