Main Article Content
Champak Kumar Kundu Mirtyunjay Ghosh Kallol Bhattacharyya Hirak Banerjee
A field trial was conducted in Gontra village under Chakdaha block of Nadia district, West Bengal during rainy (kharif) season of 2020 to assess arsenic (As) accumulation in different plant parts of aromatic rice cultivars. The field trial was laid out in Randomized Block Design (RBD) with 15 treatments (aromatic rice cultivars) and three replications. Results revealed that the aromatic rice cultivar ‘Poreiton’ (collected from Manipur) showed maximum arsenic accumulation in grain (0.93 mg/kg) and husk (1.68 mg/kg); being statistically at par with cultivars ‘Wairi-Chakhao’ (0.87 and 1.55 mg/kg grain and husk, respectively) and ‘'Lalbadshabhog’ (0.74 and 1.52 mg/kg grain and husk, respectively). Least arsenic accumulation was found in the cultivar ‘Tulaipanji’ (0.17 and 0.71 mg/kg grain and husk, respectively). Hence, the cultivar ‘Tulaipanji’ grain was found to be safe for human consumption, as the grain As content within the safe limit as per WHO’s guideline (maximum 0.2 mg/kg of white rice). But other cultivars need some mitigation strategies with respect to water and nutrient management so that grain As content is kept within the safe limit.
How to Cite
Aromatic rice, Arsenic, Grain arsenic content, Poreiton, Tulaipanji
Ahmad, A. and Bhattacharya, P. (2019). Arsenic in drinking water: is 10 µg/L a safe limit? Current Pollution Report, 5(1):1-3.
Banerjee, H., Samanta, S., Sarkar, S., Garai, S., Pal, S. &Bramhachari, K. (2018). Growth, productivity and nutrient uptake of different rice cultivars under coastal eco-system of West Bengal.Journal of Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 36, 115-121.
Banerjee, H., Sarkar, S., Dutta, S.K., Garai, S., Ray, K., Zingore, S., Goswami, R. &Majumdar, K. (2022). Nitrogen management trade‑offs in hybrid rice for agronomy, carbon, and energy efficiency. Nutrient Cycling in Agroecosystems.https://doi.org/10.1007/s10705-022-10199-0.
Duxbury, J. M. and Panaullah, G. M. (2007). Remediation of arsenic for agriculture sustainability. Food Security and Health in Bangladesh, 1-28.
Duxbury, J. M. & Zavala, Y. J. (2005). What are the safe levels of arsenic in food and soils? Behaviour of arsenic in aquifers, soils and plants: Implications for management. Arsenic Symposium, Dhaka, (Abstracts), CIMMYT, Dhaka.
Ghasemi, H., Keyhani, A.,Mohammadi, A., Rafiee, Sh. &Akram.A.(2010). Sensitivity analysis of energy inputs for barley production in Hamedan Province of Iran.Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,137, 367–372.
Heisnam, P., Moirangthem, A., Ngangom, B., Irungbam, P., Loitongbam, B., Devi, K.L., Phurailatpam, A., Mitra, B. and Roy, A. S. (2020). Response of integrated nutrient management on nutrient uptake of aromatic rice and its residual effect on lentil yield cropping system under Terai Region of West Bengal. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, Special Issue-11: 1502-1510.
Meharg, A. A. &Rehman, Md. M. (2003). Arsenic contamination of Bangladesh paddy field soils: Implications for rice contribution to arsenic consumption. Environmental Science and Technology, 37, 229-234.
Moulick, D., Samanta, S., Sarkar, S., Mukherjee, A., Pattnaik, B.K., Saha, S., Awasthi, J.P., Bhowmik, S., Ghosh, D., Samal, A.C., Mahanta, S., Mazumder, M.K., Choudhury, S., Brahmachari, K., Biswas, J.K. &Santra, S.C. (2021). Arsenic contamination, impact and mitigation strategies in rice agro-environment: An inclusive insight. Science of Total Environment,1-30.
Roberts, L.C., Hug, S.J., Dittmar, J., Voegelin, A., Saha, G.C., Ali, M.A., Badruzzaman, A.B.M. and Kretzschmar, R. (2007). Spatial distribution and temporal variability of arsenic in irrigated rice fields in Bangladesh. 1. Irrigation water. Environmental Science and Technology, 41(17):5960-5966.
Sekara, A., Poniedzialek, M., Ciura, J.and Jedrszczyk, E. (2005). Cadmium and lead accumulation and distribution in the organs of nine crops: implications for phytoremediation.Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 14 (4): 509–516.
Sohn, E. (2014).The Toxic Side of Rice.Nature,514, 62-63.
Sparks, D.L., Page, A.L., Helmke, P.A., Leoppert, R.H., Solthanpour, P.N., Tabatabai, M.A., Johnston, C.T., Sumner, M.E. (2006). Methods of soil analysis. Part 3. Chemical methods. Soil Science Society of America, Madison, 811-831
Upadhyay, M.K., Shukla, A., Yadav, P. and Srivastava, S. (2018). A review of arsenic in crops, vegetables, animals and food products. Food Chemistry, 276: 608-618.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.