Effect of planting geometry and fertilizer levels on growth and yield of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L)



Published Sep 18, 2022
Rajan Kumar
Umesha C. Lalit Kumar Sanodiya
Ravi Kumar Dwivedi
Shubham Kumar Mayur Meshram


The experiment was done on finger millet during the zaid season of 2021-22 at crop research farm, Department of Agronomy, Sam Higginbottom University of Agriculture, Technology and Sciences (SHUATS), Prayagraj (Uttar Pradesh). The treatments consisted of three planting geometry viz., 20 cm × 20 cm, 25 cm × 25 cm and 30 cm × 30 cm and three NPK levels viz., 75%, 100% and 125%. The experiment was conducted in randomized block design with nine numbers of treatments and replicated thrice. The results showed that treatment with 30 cm × 30 cm spacing at 125 % NPK /ha growth parameters viz., maximum plant height (69.73 cm), number of tillers per plant (17.36 g/plant), dry weight per plant (7.36 g) while yield were recorded highest with treatment 20 cm × 20 cm spacing at 125 % NPK /ha. viz., Grain yield (45.76 t/ha), Straw yield (4.33 t/ha) and harvest index (44.91) of finger millet at harvest. This may due to the highest plant population with close spacing treatment and higher number of heads/ m2 as compare with wide spacing.


How to Cite

Kumar, R., C., U., Sanodiya, L. K., Dwivedi, R. K., Kumar, S., & Meshram, M. (2022). Effect of planting geometry and fertilizer levels on growth and yield of finger millet (Eleusine coracana L). Environment Conservation Journal. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.11802313


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...
Abstract 1 | PDF Downloads 0



Earhead, Fertilizer levels, Finger, Harvest index, Planting geometry, Spacing

Anonymous. (2020). Agricultural statistics at a glance. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. Department of Agriculture and Cooperation, Ministry of Agriculture, Government of India.
Chethan, S. Y. N., & Malleshi, N. G. (2008). Mode of inhabitation of finger millet malt amylases by the millet phenclic compounds. Elsevier Science, 1(1), 187–191.
Dhhwayo, H.H., & Whhgwin, E.E. (1984). Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on finger millet (Zimbabwe). Agronomy Journal. 81, 115–118.
Gani, M., Mahadi, M. A., Dadari, S. A., Babaji, B. A., & Shinggu, C. P. (2016). Effect of seed rate, sowing method and poultry manure on the performance of finger millet (Eleusinecoracana L. Gaertn.) in Samaru northern Guinea Savanna (Nigeria). Equity Journal of Science and Technology, 4(1), 51–56.
Gomez, K.W. & Gomez, A. A. (1984). Statistically procedures for agricultural research. John Wiley and Sons (New York), p680.
Huber, D.M., & Thompson, I.A. (2007). Mineral Nutrition and Plant Disease. The American phytopathological society, 55(1), 31-44.
Jackson, M.L. (1958). Soil Chemistry Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc, Englewood chiffs, 85(3), 498.
Jackson, M.L. (1973). Soil chemical analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd (New Delhi), p-498.
Kalaraju, K., Kumar, D.N., Nagaraja, N., & Ningappa, K.B. (2011). Effect of methods of planting on growth and yield of finger millet genotypes under organic farming. Research on Crops, 10(1), 20-24.
Kewat, M.L., Agarwal, S.B., Agarwal, K.K.,&Sharma, R.S. (2002). Effect of divergent plant spacing and age of seedlings on yield and economics of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.). Indian Journal of Agronomy, 47(3), 367-371.
Kipgen, N., Irungbam, P.S., Gogoi, M.., & Sanatombi, Y. (2018). International Journal of Current Microbiological Applied Sciences, 7(7), 2090-2098.
Kumar, M.S.C., Singh, V., Tiwari, D., & Girisha, K. (2019). Effect of square planting and fertilizer levels on growth and yield of finger millet (Eleusinecoracana(L.) Gaertn.). Journal of Pharmacognosy and Phytochemistry, 10(1), 1420-1423.
Nayak, B.C., Dalei, B.B.,& Choudhury, B.K. (2003). Response of hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.) to date of planting, spaci and seedling rate during wet season. Indian Journal of Agronomy, 48(3), 172-174.
Olsen, S.R., Cole, C.V., Watanabe, F.S., & Dean, L.A. (1954). Estimation of available phosphorus in soils by with Cire.extractionunipos bicarbonate. U.S. Dept. Agric, 939, 1-19.
Piper, C.S., (1966). Soil and plant analysis. Hans publishers, Bombay.
Prakasha, G.K.N. Murthy, K., Prathima, A.S., & Rohani N. (2018). Effect of Spacing and Nutrient Levels on Growth Attributes and Yield of Finger Millet (Eleusinecoracana L. Gaertn) Cultivated under Guni Planting Method in Red Sandy Loamy Soil of Karnataka, India. Int.J.Curr.Microbiol.App.Sci, 7(5), 1337-1343.
Project Coordinating Unit All India Coordinated Small Millets Improvement Project (2014). Compendium of Released Varieties in Small Millets. https://www.dhan.org/smallmillets/docs/compendium_of_released_varieties_in_small_millets.
Rajesh, K. (2011). System of crop intensification in finger millet (Eleusinecoracana(L.) under irrigated condition. M.Sc. (Ag.) [Thesis]. TNAU.
Razaq, M., Zhang, P., Shen, H.-l., & Salahuddin. (2017). Influence of nitrogen and phosphorus on the growth and root morphology of Acer mono. PLOS ONE, 12, 1–13.
Richards, L. A. (1954). Diagnosis and improvement of saline alkali soils, USDA Hand book. IBH Publishing Co, Ltd. (Bombay), 78(2). https://doi.org/10.1097/00010694-195408000-00012.
Seetharam, A., & Gowda, K.T. (2007). Production and utilization of small millets in India. Food uses of small millets and avenues for further processing and value addition, UAS, GKVK, Bangalore,1-9.
Shinggu, C.P., & Gani,M. (2012). Effects of planting methods, sowing dates and spacing on weed and the productivity of finger millet (eleusine corocana L. gaertn) in the northern guinea savanSubbiah. Curr.Sci, 25,259-260.
Srinivasarao, C., Venkateswarlu, B., Singh, A.K., Vittal, K.P.R., Kundu, S., Chary, G.R., Gajanan, G.N.,& Ramachandrappa, B.K. (2013). Critical carbon inputs to maintain soil organic carbon stocks under long-term finger-millet (Eleusinecoracana [L.] Gaertn.) cropping on Alfisols in semiarid tropical. India. J. Plant Nutr. Soil Sci, 175, 681–688.
Subbiah, B.V., & Asija, G.L. (1956). A Rapid Procedure for the Estimation of Available Nitrogen in Soils. Current Science, 25, 259-260.
Uphoff, N., Marguerite, T., Devi, J., Behera, D., Verma, A.K., & Pandian, B.J (2011). National colloquium on system of crop intensification.
Vijay, A. K., Senthil, K. N., Joseph, M., & Paramasivan, M. (2019). Effect of plant geometry and graded npk levels on growth and yield of transplanted finger millet (eleusinecoracana L.). International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, 11(10), 8491-8493.