Main Article Content


The present investigation is entitled as Garrett scoring technique for assessing the constraints faced by dairy farmers of Madhepura district, Bihar. The primary data were collected from 120 cooperative farmers through the random sampling method. During the study, various constraints under economics and marketing of milk were evaluated as per the response of sample dairy farmers of the study area. Major economic constraints recognised among the group of sample farmers were higher cost of cattle feed, easy availability of veterinary facilities, high cost of the improved animal, while major marketing constraints were low price of milk, lack of suitable transportation, delay in getting milk price. It was also found that the number of dairy farmers decreased in the cooperative milk collection centre with the increase of distance. There was also scope for reduction in the cost of milk production by using modern methods and technologies of dairy farming that was completely absent in the study area.


Dairy farmers Economic constraints Garrett scoring technique Marketing constraints

Article Details

How to Cite
Raj, K., & Ramachandra. (2022). Garrett scoring technique for assessing the constraints faced by dairy farmers of Madhepura district, Bihar. Environment Conservation Journal, 23(1&2), 335–341.


  1. Department of Animal husbandry and dairying. (2020). Annual report. Retrieved from (
  2. FAO. (2017). The future of food and agriculture- trends and challenges. Rome.
  3. Gadad, P. C., & Kunnal, L. B. (2018). Socio-Economic Profile and Constraints Faced by the Members of Milk Producers Co-Operative Societies in Production and Marketing of Milk in Dharwad District of Karnataka-An Analysis. Agriculture Update, 13(2), 123-127. DOI:
  4. Gopi, R. A., Manivannan, M. G., Sindhu & Soundararajan, C. (2020). Socio-Economic Profile and Constraints of Dairy Farmers in Cuddalore District of Tamil Nadu, India. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 9(04): 1320-1326. DOI:
  5. Kumar, A. (2010). Milk marketing chains in Bihar: Implications for dairy farmers and traders. Agricultural Economics research review, 23(347-2016-16945), 469-478.
  6. Manivannan, A. (2008). Livestock farming systems in Tamil Nadu. Unpublished Ph. D. thesis, Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai.
  7. Paudel, K. S. (2014). The socio-economic condition of dairy farmers: A case study of Lamahi chilling center, Dang district. M.A., Thesis, Central Department of Rural Development, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu.
  8. Shuya, K., & Sharma, A. (2014). Impact and constraints faced by the borrowers of cooperative bank finance in Nagaland. Economic Affairs, 59(4), 561-567. DOI:
  9. Singh, K., & Pundir, R. S. (2000). Co-operatives and rural development in India. Anand: Institute of Rural Management. Anand, India.