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Natural color cotton is eco-supportive as they possess colour naturally in varied shades viz., brown, green, cream and other tints and shades of these colours. It has unique comfort and handle property which provides soothing to the wearer. A medium brown natural colour cotton fibre was spun into 20s count yarn on open end spinning and the pure colour cotton fabric was developed on handloom and subjected to scouring. The scoured natural colour cotton fabric undergone with multiple wash cycles and assessed for mechanical, functional properties, colour fastness to sunlight and washing properties. Results revealed that, the scoured natural color cotton fabrics at washing and sunlight was found to be increase in color strength and decrease in reflectance than the pure NCC fabric. After laundering at multiple washes, the scoured natural colour cotton fabric exposed to direct sunlight, it was found that the colour strength was significantly reduced and fabric became lighter, duller and yellower. However, the scoured natural colour cotton fabric subjected to washing and shade dried exhibited significantly greater K/S, which indicates the sample became darker, brighter and greener than the sample expose to direct sunlight. The natural colour cotton fabrics has better mechanical, functional and fastness properties can be suitable for production of diversified cotton products ranging from children garments to trendy outfits. Hence, the promotion of natural colour cotton fabrics is a sustainable approach for green environment.


Colour fastness Colour strength Laundering Natural colour cotton fabric Scouring Sunlight

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How to Cite
K J, S., Naikwadi, S., Bhairappanavar, D., Patil, R., & Aladakatti, Y. R. (2022). Effect of scouring and laundering on functional properties of natural colour cotton fabric. Environment Conservation Journal, 23(1&2), 143–153.


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