Main Article Content

Abstract

An on-farm study of irrigation scheduling and nitrogen level on radish was conducted near Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India. It using a randomized block design (factorial) with 4 irrigation schedules i.e. I0, 4 cm irrigation at IW/CPE ratio (I1: 0.8), (I2:1.0), (I3:1.2) and three N levels i.e. N0, (N1:75 per cent of RD) and (N2:100 percent of RD). Results revealed that treatment combination N2I3 was recorded with maximum number of leaves (27.3 and 25.0), leaf length (32.53 cm and 29.44 cm), root length (22.21 cm and 32.91 cm), root diameter (4.58 cm and 5.28 cm), net root weight (156.2 g and 209.1 g), gross root weight (204.6 g and 341.3 g) and yield (309.0 quintals/ha and 288.1 quintals/ha during 2016-17 and 2017-18, respectively over the N0I0. The highest B:C ratio (3.61:1) was worked out under N2I3 which was rated as the most profitable combination followed by N2I2 (3.39:1). It can be concluded that among different irrigation schedules,I3 and I2 schedules were found to be equally good for maintaining optimum soil moisture content as compared to I1 and I0. Among different N levels, N2 was found to be best which might influence the growth and yield of radish (Raphanus sativus L.).

Keywords

Irrigation scheduling IW/CPE ratio Mid-hills Nitrogen levels Radish

Article Details

How to Cite
Sharma, A., Sharma, J. C. ., Gautam, K. L., & Namgial, J. . (2022). Response of irrigation scheduling and nitrogen levels on growth and yield contributing parameters of radish (Raphanus sativus L.) under mid hills of Himachal Pradesh . Environment Conservation Journal, 23(1&2), 172–182. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.021764-2140

References

  1. Acar, B., Paksoy, M., Türkmen, O., & Seymen, M. (2008). Irrigation and nitrogen level affect lettuce yield in greenhouse condition. African Journal of Biotechnology, 7(24).
  2. Alam, M. S., Mallik, S. A., Costa, D. J., & Alam, A. (2010). Effect of irrigation on the growth and yield of (Daucuscarota ssp. sativus) carrot in hill valley. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 35(2), 323-329.
  3. Ali, M. K., Barkotulla, M. A. B., Alam, M. N., &Tawab, K. A. (2006). Effect of nitrogen levels on yield and yield contributing characters of three varieties of carrot. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences, 9(3), 553-557.
  4. Aliyu U., Magajj, M.D., Singh, A., & Mohammed, S.G. (2007). Growth and yield of onion (Allium cepa L.) as influenced by nitrogen and phosphorus levels. International Journal of Agriculture Research, 2(1), 937-944.
  5. Amiri, E., Gohari, A. A., & Esmailian, Y. (2012). Effect of irrigation and nitrogen on yield, yield components and water use efficiency of eggplant. African Journal of Biotechnology, 11(13), 3070-3079.
  6. Baloch, P. A., Riaz, U., Nizamani, F. K., Solangi, A. H., & Siddiqui, A. A. (2014). Effect of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium fertilizers on growth and yield characteristics of radish (Raphinussativus L.). American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental Sciences, 14(6), 565-569.
  7. Bhatti, S., 2017.Effect of different irrigation and nitrogen levels on the productivity of onion (Allium cepaL.) International Journal of Current Microbiology and applied sciences,8, 409-418.
  8. Bhuiya, M. A. K., Rahim, M. A., & Chowdhury, M. N. A. (2003). Effect of planting time, mulch and irrigation on the growth and yield of garlic. Asian Journal of Plant Sciences. 2,639-643.
  9. Boroujerdnia, M., & Ansari, N.A.(2007).Effect of different levels of nitrogen fertilizer and cultivar on growth, yield and yield component of Romaine lettuce (lactucasativa L.).Middle Eastern and Russian Journal of Plant Science and Biotechnology. 1, 47-53.
  10. Boyer, J. S. (1982). Plant productivity and environment. Science, 218(4571), 443-448.
  11. Brintha, I., & Seran, T. H. (2009). Effect of paired row planting of radish (Raphanussativus L.) intercropped with vegetable amaranthus (Amaranthustricolor L.) on yield components of radish in sandy regosol.4, 19-28.
  12. Chowdhury, S. A., Quadir, M. A., Karim, A. J. M. S., Molla, M. S., & Shamim, R. U. (1999). Response of carrot to different moisture regimes. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research, 24(2), 279-285.
  13. Delfine, S., Alvino, A., Loreto, F., Centritto, M., &Santarelli, G. (1999, June). Effects of water stress on the yield and photosynthesis of field-grown sweet pepper (Capsicum annuum L.). In III International Symposium on Irrigation of Horticultural Crops 537 (pp. 223-229).
  14. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations., 2000.Deficit irrigation practices23 Dec. 2010
  15. Goudra, K. H. B., & Rokhade, A. K. (2001). Effect of irrigation schedules and methods on growth and yield of cabbage. Karnataka Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 14(3), 721-723.
  16. Himanshu, S. K., Kumar, S., Kumar, D., & Mokhtar, A. (2012). Effects of lateral spacing and irrigation scheduling on drip irrigated cabbage (Brassica oleracea) in a semi-arid region of India. Research Journal of Engineering Sciences ISSN, 2278, 9472.
  17. Hruskha, L., & Rflug, L.(1975) .Effect of spacing and fertilization on some quality indices of potato tuber.ActaUniversitalis Brno FacultasAgronomica,23(3), 15-321.
  18. Huang, W. Y. (2002). Using insurance to enhance nitrogen fertilizer application timing to reduce nitrogen losses. Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics, 34(1), 131-148.
  19. Imtiyaz, M., Mgadla, N. P., Chepete, B., & Manase, S. K. (2000). Response of six vegetable crops to irrigation schedules. Agricultural water management, 45(3), 331-342.
  20. Islam, M. T., Rahman, M. H., Yeasmin, R., Mamun, M. A. A., & Rahman, M. A. (2015). Effect Of Number Of Plant Per Hill And Irrigation Intervals on. Journal of Science and Technology, 112, 117.
  21. Jilani, M.S., Burki, T., & Waseem, K. (2010).Effect of nitrogen on growth and yield of radish.Journal of Agricultural Research, 48, 219-225.
  22. Kashyap, P. S., & Panda, R. K. (2003). Effect of irrigation scheduling on potato crop parameters under water stressed conditions. Agricultural water management, 59(1), 49-66.
  23. Kemal, Y. O. (2013). Effects of irrigation and nitrogen levels on bulb yield, nitrogen uptake and water use efficiency of shallot (Allium cepa var. ascalonicum Baker). African Journal of Agricultural Research, 8(37), 4637-4643.
  24. Kumar, S., Imtiyaz, M., Kumar, A., & Singh, R. (2007). Response of onion (Allium cepa L.) to different levels of irrigation water. Agricultural Water Management, 89(1-2), 161-166.
  25. Kumari, M., & Devi, M. (2013). Scheduling of irrigation in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea var. botrytis L.) under mid hill conditions of Himachal Pradesh (Doctoral dissertation, M. Sc. Thesis. Department of Soil Science and Water Management, Dr Yaswant Singh Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan. 81p).
  26. Lapa, V.V., Limantowa, E.M., Rybik, O.F., Lashukench, O.M., Lukashenek, Z.N.,&Kovallenok, M.F., 1990. Effect of increasing doses of N fertilizer on productivity and quality of potatoes in desopodzolic soils of Belariu.Agrokhimzya, 63,1-6.
  27. Moniruzzaman, M., Akand, M. H., Hossain, M. I., Sarkar, M. D., & Ullah, A. (2013). Effect of Nitrogen on the Growth and Yield of Carrot (Daucuscarota L.). The Agriculturists, 11(1), 76-81.
  28. Olczyk, T., Regalado, R., Li, Y. C., & Jordan, R. (2000). Usefulness of tensiometers for scheduling irrigation for tomatoes grown on rocky, calcareous soils in Southern Florida. In Proceedings of the Florida State Horticultural Society (Vol. 113, pp. 239-242). Florida State Horticultural Society.
  29. Panse, V. G., & Sukhatme, P. V. (1954). Statistical methods for agricultural workers. Statistical methods for agricultural workers.
  30. Sadia, A. A., Mahasen, M., Shahrin, S., Roni, M. Z. K., & Uddin, A. F. M. (2013). Phsophorus levels on growth and yield of turnip (Brassica campestris var. rapifera). Bangladesh Research Publications Journal, 8(1), 29-33.
  31. Sharma, R. C., & Sood, M. C. (2002). Nitrogen and potassium interaction on the tuber yield, quality and organic carbon status of Shimla soils. In Potato, global research & development. Proceedings of the Global Conference on Potato, New Delhi, India, 6-11 December, 1999: Volume 2 (pp. 843-851). Indian Potato Association
  32. Siddiqui, A.B.(1995). Local adaptability and suitability of vegetable and spice crop-In: Training manual winter vegetable and spice. Ed. M MofizulHaque.Horticulture research and development project.FAO/UN/AsDB in collaboration with DAE, BADC, Dhaka 62-74p.
  33. Sood, M. C., & Singh, S. P. (2010). Optimizing irrigation water and nutrient requirement of potato (Solanumtuberosum L.) under drip fertigation. Progressive Agriculture, 10(1), 192-195.
  34. Sujatha, N. T., & Krishnappa, K. S. (1995). Effect of different fertility levels on dry matter production at different stages of growth and nutrient uptake of potato. Journal of the Indian Potato Association (India).
  35. Sumandeep., (2015). Effect of irrigation schedules and nitrogen levels on growth and yield of cabbage (Brassica oleraceavarcapitataL.). M.Sc. Thesis. Department of Soil Science and Water Management, Dr. YS Parmar University of Horticulture and Forestry, Solan.43p.
  36. Tripathi, A. K., Ram, R. B., Rout, S., Kumar, A., & Patra, S. S. (2017). Effect of Nitrogen Levels and Spacing on Growth and Yield of Radish (Raphanussativus L.) Cv. Kashi Sweta. International pure applied bio science, 5(4), 1951-1960.
  37. Wahocho, N. A., Wahocho, S. A., Memon, N., Leghari, M. H., & Baloch, Q. B. (2016). Growth and yield response of turnip to various nitrogen application rates. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences, 32(2), 143-149.
  38. Wang, F. X., Kang, Y., & Liu, S. P. (2006). Effects of drip irrigation frequency on soil wetting pattern and potato growth in North China Plain. Agricultural water management, 79(3), 248-264.