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A laboratory experiment was conducted on germination papers to study the effect of fluoride (F) at 0 (T1), 50 (T2), 100 (T3), 200 (T4), 250 (T5) and 300 (T6) ppm on germination and morphological parameters in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) variety, HUW-234 at 2, 4 and 6 days after initiation of germination process. Fluoride toxicity caused reduction in germination per cent, germination index, coefficient of velocity of germination and germination energy (%) while mean germination time increased with fluoride concentration. Root and shoot lengths and dry matters decreased with increased concentrations of fluoride. Ratio of root: shoot weight increased with increased concentration of fluoride. Elongation of seminal roots was adversely affected by increased fluoride level. Increased fluoride level in the germination medium decreased RGR of seedlings progressively. Present study revealed that enhanced fluoride concentration in germination medium caused reduction in germination and germination related parameters.


Fluoride Germination Relative Growth rate Triticum aestivum

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How to Cite
Sodani, R., Pandurangam, V. ., & Srivastava, J. P. . (2021). Germination and morphological responses of Triticum aestivum L. to different concentrations of fluoride. Environment Conservation Journal, 22(3), 143–148.


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