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The Himalayan birch (Betulautilis D. Don), also known as Bhojpatra in India, is one of the Himalayan region's most important ethnobotanicaltreelinespecies. It aids in the preservation of the Himalaya's fragile environment by preventing soil erosion and conserving the rest of the flora and wildlife below the treelinezone.Betulautilis has been identified for medical (anticancer, anti-HIV, antimicrobial, antioxidant, and anti-inflammatory) and ethno botanical relevance by several ethnic and non-ethnic communities living in the Himalaya and elsewhere, in addition to several ecological benefits.The bark of the Betula tree has long been used to write old manuscripts.It may also be used as a packing material, is waterproof, can be used to roof dwellings, umbrellas, and other items.The historical usage of B. utilis, as well as recent overharvesting to suit community and commercial demands, have put strain on the species natural populations. B. utilis faces numerous threats, including overharvesting, deforestation, erosion, grazing, global warming, and disease attack.Thus, it has been categorized as Critically Endangeredspecies.The main problem of the mountain forestsislack of adequateregenerationprocess. Very little information on population dynamics, regeneration, and physiology and seed germination is available from different parts of the country but no any systematic study has been done so far on multipurpose timberline tree species of Indian Himalayan Region. As a result, it's critical to keep an eye on these sensitive places and keystone species for future changes caused by climate or anthropogenic pressure, especially in locations where baseline data is scarce. The ease and suitability of propagation methods for this species is also not well documented in the literature. With these limitations in mind, the current study aims to document the status of Betulautilis regeneration in the Indian Himalayan region.


Betul autilis Critically Endangered Ethnobotanical Indian Himalayan Region Pharmacological activity Regeneration Treeline

Article Details

Author Biographies

Anjana, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Himachal Regional Centre, Mohal-Kullu, Himachal Pradesh

G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Himachal Regional Centre, Mohal Kullu, 175121, Himachal Pradesh

S.S. Samant , Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Conifer Campus, Panthaghati, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh

Himalayan Forest Research Institute, Conifer Campus, Panthaghati, Shimla, Himachal Pradesh 171013

Mithilesh Singh, G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand

G.B. Pant National Institute of Himalayan Environment, Kosi-Katarmal, Almora, Uttarakhand 263643

How to Cite
Anjana, Lata, R., Samant , S., & Singh, M. . (2021). Review on regeneration status of Betulautilis D. Don: A critically endangered multipurpose timber line species in Indian Himalayan region. Environment Conservation Journal, 22(3), 155–167.


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