Depth-wise fractionation of sulphur in cultivated soils of low and mid hills of Himachal Pradesh

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.main##

Deepika Suri
V. K. Sharma
R. G. Upadhyay
Anjali
Gazala Nazir
Ankit

Abstract

The current investigation was conducted to study the fractions of sulphur in nine districts of low and mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. For this purpose 31 representative soil sampling sites were selected from nine districts and the soil samples were analyzed for physicochemical properties and different fractions of sulphur (water soluble sulphur, exchangeable sulphur, available sulphur, non-sulphate sulphur, organic sulphur and total sulphur). The results indicated that the total sulphur in soils varied from 98.2 to 470.1 mg kg-1 in surface soil (0-15 cm) and 67.2 to 370.7 mg kg-1 in sub-surface layer (15-60 cm). The organic sulphur varied from 80.5 to 401.1 mg kg-1 in surface and 44 to 306.1 mg kg-1 in sub-surface layer. The water soluble sulphur, exchangeable sulphur, available sulphur and non-sulphate sulphur varied from 1.7 to 9.2, 2.7 to 18.4, 4.5 to 27.6 and 10.2 to 58.9 mg kg-1 respectively in surface soil and 0.5 to 5.4, 1 to 17.7, 3.7 to 23.5 and 12.5 to 50.2 mg kg-1, respectively in sub-surface soil. It was observed during course of study that with increase in the soil depth the content of different fractions of sulphur decreased. These soils had the major part of their total sulphur content in organic form followed by non-sulphate sulphur, available sulphur, exchangeable sulphur and water soluble sulphur. It can be concluded that the soil texture and organic carbon content played a major role in determining the quantity of different fractions of sulphur in these soils.

##plugins.themes.academic_pro.article.details##

How to Cite
Suri, D. ., Sharma, V. K. ., Upadhyay, R. G. ., K, A., Nazir, G. ., & Kumar, A. (2021). Depth-wise fractionation of sulphur in cultivated soils of low and mid hills of Himachal Pradesh. Environment Conservation Journal, 22(1&2), 167-171. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2021.221223

References

  1. Azmi, N. Y., Seema and Manish, K. 2018. New technique for sequential fractionation of soil sulphur. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Appled Sciences, 7: 3397-3405.
  2. Bardsley, L. E. and Lancaster, J. D. 1965. Determination of reserve sulphur and soluble sulphates in soil. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, 24:265.
  3. Chapman, H. D. and Pratt, P. F. 1961. Methods of Analysis for soils, plants and water. University of California, Berkeley, CA, USA, pp. 150-179.
  4. Chesnin, L. and Yien, C. H. 1951. Turbidimetric determination of available sulphate. Soil Science Society of America Proceedings, 15:149-151.
  5. Jackson, M.L. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentise Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, pp. 111-272.
  6. Mondal, K. 2016. Vertical distribution of different forms of soil sulphur in some soils of North-eastern region of Haryana, India. International Journal of Ecology and Environmental Sciences, 42: 349-355.
  7. Parkash, O., Malik, R. S., Singh, K., Narwal, R. P. and Ramkala. 2003. Depthwise distribution of sulphur in some paddy soils of Haryana, India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Research, 37:76-78.
  8. Tripathi, K., Singh, K. and Karwasra, S. P. S. 1997. Forms of sulphur and their distribution in some Aridisols of Haryana state under grape vineyards. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 45:386-88.
  9. Trivedi, S. K., Bansal, K. N., Tomar, R. A. S. and Verma, R. S. 2000. Vertical distribution of forms of sulphur in some profiles of Morena and Bhind Districts of Madhya Pradesh. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48:238-24.
  10. Williams, C. H. and Steinbergs, A. 1959. Soil sulphur fractions as chemical indices of available S in some Australian soils. Australian Journal of Agricultural Research, 10:349-352.
  11. Xiao, H., Li, N. and Liu, C. 2015. Source identification of sulfur in uncultivated surface soils from four Chinese provinces. Pedosphere, 25:140-149.