Impact of industrial effluent on macrobenthic diversity: A case study of Thannirbhavi and Chitrapur coastal area of Mangalore

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Madhu Kumari

Abstract

In view of understanding the impact of effluents and on the occurrence and distribution of macrobenthic organisms, an investigation has been carried out for a period of 8 months from October 2006 to May 2007 in the nearshore water of Thannirbhavi and Chitrapur receiving treated industrial effluents and Bengre coast having estuarine influences. The quality composition of benthic organism revealed the presence of hydroids such as Obeliasp,Cordylophorasp and companularia sp. Polychaetes belonging to 15 diferent families have been identified and their distribution revealed variation with respect to the type of  the effluents.  24 different types of molluscss have been identified and their occurrence and distribution was found to be related to type of sediment and the quality of the effluents. Bulks of crustaceans were formed mainly due to species of Gammarus, Caprellids and Tanaidaceans. The great abundance and diversity of benthic organisms was observed in the Thannirbhavi receiving effluents from a fertilizer industry, when compare to the Chitrapur receiving treated effluents from a dye industry and an oil refinery industry. Silty-clayey sediment harbored higher density of polychaetes where as sandy-silty sediment supported greater abundance of molluscs.

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How to Cite
Kumari, M. . (2020). Impact of industrial effluent on macrobenthic diversity: A case study of Thannirbhavi and Chitrapur coastal area of Mangalore. Environment Conservation Journal, 21(3), 51-61. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2020.21306

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