Main Article Content

Abstract

Soybean  (Glycine max L.) is the leading oil seed crop of the world in term of both area and production. It contributes about 50 per cent of the edible oil production.  A pot  experiment was conducted  during  Kharif  season  at  UUHF to study  the  effect of  organic manures on growth , flowering , enzyme activity and yield of Soybean ( Glycine max L.) in relation to climate change under mid hill condition of Uttarakhand .  The experiment was laid out in RBD with  three  replications. The Vermicompost, B.D and   FYM were applied as a basal dose at the time of sowing. Application of Vermicompost, FYM,  BD with  rhizobium  recorded  significantly higher plant height (82.40 cm), number of leaves per plant (51.50) and leaf area (391.50 cm2), dry matter accumulation (22.43 g/plant) and physiological parameters  NAR, CGR, RGR, number of pods per plant, number of seeds per pod, test weight, biological yield (55.7 g/plant), grain yield (27.5 g/plant), harvest index in T4Vermicompost  10t/ha + BD 1t/ha + with rhizobium  and lower in T11 (FYM – 7.5t/ha + BD 2.5t/ha + Without  rhizobium).Organic manures with rhizobium had great influence on Nitrate Reductase  activity and Protein content. Significantly higher growth and  biochemical  parameters  were recorded in T4  and lowest in T11.Where  as the results revealed that the  basal application  of organic  manures found to be beneficial in increasing  seed yield and yield contributing  characters. Meteorological parameters showed a positive   effect on   growth   and yield of Soybean. There was a positive and significant correlation between seed yield and all growth  and  biochemical parameters.

Keywords

FYM Vermicompost B.D. Soybean

Article Details

How to Cite
Upadhyay, R. . (2015). Effect of organic manures on growth, flowering, enzyme activity and yield of Soybean (Glycine max l.) in relation to climate change under mid hill conditions of Uttarakhand. Environment Conservation Journal, 16(1&2), 143–148. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.2015.161222

References

  1. AOAC. 1970. Official methods of analysis of the association of official analytical chemists.11thedition, Washington, D.C.
  2. Ammitthallingam S. 1988. Effect of Azospirillum and nitrogen on growth and yield of chilli Cv.K-1.M. Sc (Agri.)Thesis,.Tamil Nadu Agric. Uni. Madurai.
  3. Aruna and Narsareddy S. 1999.Response of soybean (Glycine max) conjuctive use of organic and inorganic sources of nitrogen.Indian J. Agric. Sci. 69(5): 382 – 383.
  4. Bhawalkar and Bhawalkar 1985. Dry matter accumulation and seed yield of determinate and indeterminate soybeans. Agronomy Journal 77: 675-679.
  5. Fu J, Huang B and Zang G. 2000. Physiological and biochemical changes during seed filling inrelation to leaf senescence in soybean. Biolgia Plantarum 4 3(4):545-548.
  6. Govindan K and Thirumurugan V. 2005. Synergistic association of Rhizobium with phosphoatesolubilizing bacteria under different sources of nutrient supply on productivity and soil fertilityin soybean (Glycine max). Indian J.Agron50(3):214 – 217.
  7. Hiscox JD and Israelstam GF. 1979. A method for extraction of chlorophyll from leaf tissues without maceration. Canadian journal of botany 51(2): 1332-1334.
  8. Joshi OP. 2003. Future perspectives of soybean in India.Soybean Research 1: 29-42.
  9. Kale RD, Bano K, Sreenivasa MM and Bhagyaraj DJ. 1987. Influence of worm cast (Vec, comp. E. UAS, 93) on the growth and mycorrhizal colonization of two ornamental plants. South IndianHorticulture. 35: 433-437.
  10. Watson DJ. 1947. Comparative physiological studies on the growth of field crops. 1 Variation in NAR and LAR between species and varieties and within and between years. Annals of Botany 10:41-46
  11. Zou DS and Zheng PY. 1991. Studies on the relationship between photosynthetic capacities and formation of dry matter and seed yield in soybeans. Soybean Science 10(3): 217-225.

Most read articles by the same author(s)