Main Article Content


Maize (Zea mays L.) is a high-yielding crop with remarkable productivity potential. However, realizing this potential heavily relies on efficient nutrient management. To optimize maize growth and yield, it is crucial to employ appropriate combinations of organic and inorganic sources of nutrients. Thus, the combined application of nutrients in an integrated manner consistently ensures higher and more stable crop yields. In the Kharif season of 2019, a field experiment was conducted at the Soil Science Experimental Farm of CSK HPKV, Palampur, focusing on the impact of combining organic and inorganic sources of nutrients on maize hybrid. The experiment was performed in accordance with a randomized block design, with ten different treatments replicated three times. The findings revealed that the maize crop responded significantly to various nutrient sources. Among the treatments tested, the combined application of Sagarika (both soil and foliar) along with water soluble fertilizers (18:18:18) and 75% NPK resulted in the highest grain (5.7 t/ha) and stover yields (8.8 t/ha) of maize. Additionally, this treatment exhibited superior results in terms of cob length (17.90 cm), cob diameter (4.31 cm), number of grains per cob (470), and test weight (32.77 g), surpassing all other treatments. In contrast, the lowest values (16.07 cm, 4.24 cm, 378 and 27.96 g for cob length, cob diameter, number of grains per cob, and test weight, respectively) were observed with the application of 75% NPK alone. Furthermore, optimizing nutrient doses through synergistic integration of organic and inorganic sources also improved the leaf nutrient status as well as the total nutrient uptake of a crop.


Growth Maize Productivity Sagarika Water-Soluble Fertilizer

Article Details

How to Cite
Katoch, R., Sharma, V. K., & Sankhyan, N. (2024). Response of maize to the combined application of innovative organic and inorganic sources of nutrients in an acid Alfisol of lower Himalayas. Environment Conservation Journal, 25(2), 388–397.


  1. Basavaraja, P. K., Yogendra N. D., Zodape S. T., Prakash, R & Ghosh, A. (2018). Effect of seaweed sap as foliar spray on growth and yield of hybrid maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 41(14), 1851-1861. DOI:
  2. Black, C. A. (1965). Methods of soil analysis. Part II. Chemical and mineralogical properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. DOI:
  3. Blunden, G. & Gordon, S. M. (1986). Betaines and their sulphono analogs in marine algae. In: Round FE, Chapman DJ (eds) Progress in Phycological Research, Bristol (pp. 39-80).
  4. Campbell, C. R. (2013). Reference sufficiency ranges for plant analysis in southern region of the United States. North Carolina Department of Agriculture and Consumer Services Agronomic Division (pp. 11-13).
  5. Chesnin, L. & Yien, C. H. (1950). Turbidimetric determination of available sulphate. Soil Science Society America Proceedings, 15, 149-151. DOI:
  6. Crouch, I. J. & Van Staden, J. (1993). Evidence for the presence of plant growth regulators in commercial seaweed products. Plant Growth Regulation, 13, 21-29. DOI:
  7. Delaplace, P., Delory, B. M., Baudson, C., de Cazenave, M. M. S., Spaepen, S., Varin, S., Brostaux, Y. & du Jardin, P. (2015). Influence of rhizobacterial volatiles on the root system architecture and the production and allocation of biomass in the model grass Brachypodium distachyon (L.) P. Beauv. BMC Plant Biology, 15(195), 1-15. DOI:
  8. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. (2019). Agricultural Statistics at a Glance. p 102.
  9. Directorate of Economics and Statistics. (2020). Agricultural Situation in India, New Delhi, India.
  10. Eef, B., Marlies, D., Van Swam, K., Veen, A. & Burger, L. (2018). Identification of the seaweed biostimulant market (Phase 1) (AD Den Haag, The Netherlands: The North Sea Farm Foundation.
  11. Fageria, N. K., Filho, M. P. B., Moreira, A., & Guimarães, C. M. (2009). Foliar Fertilization of Crop Plants. Journal of Plant Nutrition, 32(6), 1044–1064. DOI:
  12. Fasusi, O.A., Cruz, C. & Babalola, O.O. (2021). Agricultural sustainability: microbial biofertilizers in rhizosphere management. Agriculture, 11, 163. DOI:
  13. Gohil, N. B., Ramani, V. P., Kadivala, V. H. & Kacha, R. P. (2021). Effects of Bio-NPK Consortium on Growth, Yield and Nutrient Uptake by Rice under Clay Loam Textured Soil. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 69(2), 179-186. DOI:
  14. Jackson, M. L. (1973). Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall Inc. Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA.
  15. Jaiswal, P. C. (2003). Soil, Plant and Water Analysis. Kalyani publishers, New Delhi. (pp. 277-299).
  16. Kalaivany, V., Sutharsan, S. & Srikrishnah, S. (2019). Effects of natural and commercially available seaweed liquid extracts on growth and yield of Vigna unguiculata L. Asian Journal of Biological Sciences, 12, 487–491. DOI:
  17. Karthik, T. & Jayasri, M. A. (2023). Systematic study on the effect of seaweed fertilizer on the growth and yield of Vigna radiata (L.) R. Wilczek (Mung bean). Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 14, 100748. DOI:
  18. Laxminarayana, K. (2006). Effect of integrated use of inorganic and organic manures on soil properties, yield and nutrient uptake of rice in Ultisol of Mizoram. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science, 54, 120-123.
  19. Manasa, V., Hebsur, N. S., Malligawad, L. H., Kumar, L. S. & Ramakrishna, B. (2015). Effect of water soluble fertilizers on uptake of major and micro nutrients by groundnut and postharvest nutrient, status in a Vertisol of northern transition zone of Karnataka. An International Quarterly Journal of Environmental Sciences, 9(2), 1-5.
  20. Nirere, D., Murthy, K., Lalitha, K. N., Murukannappa, B. S. & Murorunkwere, F. (2019). Effect of foliar application of water soluble fertilizerson growth and yield of maize. Rwanda Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 1(1), 44-51.
  21. Pindi, P. K. & Satyanarayana, S. D. V. (2012). Liquid microbial consortium- A potential tool for sustainable soil health. Journal of Biofertilizers & Biopesticides, 3(4), 1-9. DOI:
  22. Ramalakshmi, C. S., Rao, P. C., Sreelatha, T. M., Padmaja, G., Rao, P. V. & Sireesha, A. (2012). Nitrogen use efficiency and production efficiency of rice under rice-pulse cropping system with integrated nutrient management. Journal of Rice Research, 5(1-2), 42-51.
  23. Reitz, S. R. & Trumble, J. T. (1996). Effects of cytokinin containing seaweed extract on Phaseolus lunatus L. influence of nutrient availability and apex removal. Botanica Marina, 39, 33-38. DOI:
  24. Salim, B. B. M. (2016). Effect of biochar and seaweed extract applications on growth, yield, and mineral composition of Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under sandy soil conditions. Annals of Agricultural Science, 61(2), 257-265. DOI:
  25. Saucedo, S., Contreras, R. A. & Moenne, A. (2015). Oligo‐carrageenan kappa increases C, N and S assimilation, auxin and gibberellin contents, and growth in Pinus radiata trees. Journal of Forestry Research, 26(3), 635–640. DOI:
  26. Singh, S., Singh, M. K., Pal, S. K., Trivedi, K., Yesuraj, D., Singh, C. S., et al. (2016). Sustainable enhancement in yield and quality of rain-fed maize through Gracilaria edulis and Kappaphycus alvarezii seaweed sap. Journal of Applied Phycology, 28 (3), 2099–2112. DOI:
  27. Stewart, Z. P., Paparozzi, E. T., Wortmann, C. S., Jha, P. K. & Shapiro, C. A. (2021). Effect of foliar micronutrients (B, Mn, Fe, Zn) on maize grain yield, micronutrient recovery, uptake, and partitioning. Plants, 10(3), 528. DOI:
  28. Trivedi, K., Kumar, R., Vijay Anand, K. G., Bhojani, G., Kubavat, D. & Ghosh, A. (2021). Structural and functional changes in soil bacterial communities by drifting spray application of a commercial red seaweed extract as revealed by metagenomics. Archives of Microbiology, 204(1), 72. DOI:
  29. Wailare, A. T. & Kesarwani, A. (2017). Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management on growth and yield parameters of Maize (Zea mays L.) as well as Soil Physico-chemical Properties. Biomedical Journal of Scientific and Technical Research, 1(2), 294-299. DOI: