Main Article Content


An experiment was conducted to study the bioefficacy of six different insecticides (thiamethoxam 25 WG @ 0.01%, thiacloprid 21.7 SC @ 0.0032%, buprofezin 25EC @ 0.05%, spinosad 48 SC @ 0.017%, chlorantraniliprole 18.5 SC @ 0.007% and fenpropathrin 30 EC @ 0.01%) with a control (water spray) against sucking pests, viz., shoot and fruit borers, jassids, whiteflies and aphids, and harvest time residues in brinjal (Surti Ravaiya) at the College Farm, North Asian University, and Navsari during summer-2020. Among the different insecticides evaluated, chlorantraniliprole and spinosad were the most effective, fenpropathrin and buprofezin were the least effective insecticides against shoot and fruit borers, respectively. Thiamethoxam and thiacloprid were the most effective agents. Fenpropathrin and buprofezin were the least effective against whiteflies, jassids and aphids. After two hours of spray, the initial deposition order of the experimental insecticides was buprofezin (10.382 mg/kg) > fenpropathrin (5.602 mg/kg) > chlorantraniliprole (5.097 mg/kg) > thiamethoxam (4.886 mg/kg) > spinosad (3.984 mg/kg) > thiacloprid (3.332 mg/kg), while after 4 days of spray, the residue status of the brinjal fruit was in the order of fenpropathrin (0.539 mg/kg) > chlorantraniliprole (0.154 mg/kg) > thiacloprid (0.127 mg/kg) > thiamethoxam (0.099 mg/kg) > buprofezin (0.076 mg/kg) > spinosad (BDL). Overall, the highest percentage degradation of insecticide residues in brinjal fruits was registered with spinosad (100%), followed by buprofezin (99.26%), thiamethoxam (97.97%), chlorantraniliprole (96.97%), thiacloprid (96.18%) and fenpropathrin (90.37%) after 4 days of II spray.


Chlorantraniliprole Fenpropathrin Chemical control

Article Details

How to Cite
Gandabhai, P. H., Patel, H. V., Mukeshbhai, S. T., & Sahdevbhai, C. L. (2024). Bioefficacy of different insecticides against pests and harvest time residues in Brinjal fruits. Environment Conservation Journal, 25(2), 560–568.


  1. Anonymous (2013). Final Report of Novartis India Ltd., Mumbai: Sponsored project on testing the bioefficacy of Actara 25 WG and Polo-50 WP against pests of okra and brinjal cultivated in middle Gujarat: 18-21.
  2. Anonymous (2017). Horticultural Statics at a Glance, Department of Agriculture, Co-operation And co operation and Farmer’s Welfare:196.
  3. Chauhan, R., Kumari, B. and Sharma, S. S. (2013). Persistence of Thiamethoxam on Okra Fruits. Pestic Residue Journal, 25(2), 163-165.
  4. Choudhary, R. S., Rana, B. S., Mahla, M. K. and Meena, A. K. (2018). Bio efficacy of Biorational Insecticides against Larval Population of Leucinodes orbonalis (Guen.) in Brinjal. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science, 7 (7), 47-60. DOI:
  5. Hafez, R. O. and Singh, B. (2016). Persistence of thiamethoxam in/on tomato fruits and soil. Journal of Insect Science, 29 (1), 25-31.
  6. Kaur, G., Bansal, M. and Sangha, K. S. (2015). Comparative efficacy of different insecticides against aphids (Aphididae: Homoptera) and thrips (Thripidae: Thysanoptera) of Chili. Ecology Environment & Conservation, 21, S35-S38.
  7. Kumar, A., Sachan, S. K., Kumar, S. and Kumar, P. (2017). Efficacy of some novel insecticides against white fly (Bemisia tabaci Gennadius) in brinjal. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(3), 424-427.
  8. Kumar, B., Uikey, B. L., Gharde, S. K. and Pal, P. K. (2015). Field efficacy of some novel insecticides on sucking pest of brinjal. Journal of Pure Applied Microbiology, 9(2), 1719-1723.
  9. Kumar, K. N. and Kumar, A. (2017). Efficacy of selected insecticides against sucking insect pests [Amrasca biguttula biguttula (Ishida) and Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius)] of okra [Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench]. International Journal of Current Microbiology Applied Science, 6(8), 3256-3259. DOI:
  10. Mokal, A. J., Shinde, B. D., Naik, K. V., Sanap, P. B., Mehendale, S. K. and Golvankar, G. M. (2018). Bioefficacy of insecticides against aphids infesting chili. International Journal of Chemistry Studies, 6(5), 2821-2824.
  11. Narayan, H. A., Zanwar, P. R., Vinay, N. & Ajabe, S. S. (2019) Bioefficacy of novel insecticides against brinjal shoot and fruit borer, Leucinodes orbonalis, Guenee. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 7(5), 600-605.
  12. Narenderan, S. T., Meyyenathan, S. N. and Babu, B. (2020). Review of pesticide residue analysis in fruits and vegetables. Food Research International, 133, 109-141. DOI:
  13. Niranjana, R. F., Devi, M. and Philip Sridhar, R. (2017). Field efficacy of insecticides for management of brinjal shoot and fruit borer. Journal of Agriculture Science and Research, 4(1), 37-44.
  14. Patil, P. P., Gore, R. S. and Patil, N. G. (2016). Bio efficacy of New Insecticide Molecules Against Okra Aphids (Aphis gossypii Glover). International Journal of Tropical Agriculture, 34(7), 2475-2480.
  15. Ramadan, G., Shawir, M., El-bakary, A. and Abdelgaleil, S. (2016). Dissipation of four insecticides in tomato fruit using high-performance liquid chromatography and QuEChERS methodology. Chilean Journal of Agri research, 76(1), 129-133. DOI:
  16. Sangle, P. M., Pawar, S. R., Autu, M. and Korat, D. M. (2017). Bio efficacy studies of newer insecticides against sucking pests on chilli. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies, 5(6), 476-480.
  17. Sante, (2017). Guidance document on analytical quality control and method validation procedures for pesticide residues and analysis in food feed. Directorate General for Health and Food Safety, 11813/2017.
  18. Shahoo, S., Mandal, K., Kaur, R., Battu, R. S. and Singh, B. (2013). Persistence of thiacloprid residues on brinjal (Solanum melongena L.). Environment Monitoring Assessment, 185(9), 7935-43. DOI: