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Globally, agriculture is being greatly impacted by climate change, with agricultural output in regions such as India being reduced by rising heat stress, drought, and floods. Typhoons and floods are two examples of extreme weather events that harm agricultural infrastructure and force farmers to relocate. The changing growing season, precipitation pattern, and insect pressure are already negatively affecting agricultural productivity and are expected to worsen. The quantity and quality of food supplies are under threat due to the rising worldwide demand for wholesome and sustainable food production as well as the difficulties associated with climate change. Climate change is a topic that is addressed through international accords and programmes, including the UNFCCC, the Paris Agreement, and the Renewable Energy Transition. To lessen the consequences of climate change, programmes are being developed that emphasize renewable energy, reforestation, and climatic resilience. The nutritional and physical quality of food are also impacted by climate change; these changes include changes in carbohydrate, protein, lipid, mineral, and physical characteristics. Government initiatives, climate-smart food systems, financial incentives for dietary changes, and cross-disciplinary research are examples of mitigation measures. Crops that can withstand heat, water, and climatic anomalies are developed through plant breeding. While there may be some benefits associated with climate change, such as the expansion of particular crops, the impact on food production as a whole is questionable and calls for further study as well as increased public awareness among society.


Agriculture Climate change Smart food systems Plant breeding

Article Details

Author Biography

Butti Prabhakar, NutriHub, Indian Institute of Millet Research, Rajendra Nagar Hyderabad



How to Cite
Lavudya, S., & Prabhakar, B. (2024). Effect of climate change on agriculture and its management. Environment Conservation Journal, 25(2), 619–627.


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