Main Article Content

Abstract

Leaf blight of mustard is one of the major constraints for its successful cultivation and may be attributed to cause substantially high yield losses. Integrated Disease Management (IDM) practices, found suitable against Alternaria blight, developed and evaluated elsewhere, are here by tested and validated as IDM module with slight modifications as per local requirements. This is basically to demonstrate the benefit of good available technology to farmers as on farm trials (OFT). The comparative efficacy of four different treatments were incredibly convincing for the farmers. It was realized that all three modules were significantly superior over prevailing farmers’ practice. Overall, seed treatment with aqueous garlic bulb extract @ 5% (w/v) along with one spray of aqueous garlic bulb extract @5% (w/v) at 45 DAS followed by one foliar spray of Mancozeb-75% WP @ 2.5g/l at 75 DAS (T4) found most effective in reducing disease incidence consecutively for three years and average reduction in disease severity of 71.90%. Besides, reduction in disease severity significant increase in yield and yield attributing characters could be observed using this treatment. The average yield increase of 37.30% could be recorded with maximum B:C of 2.56. In this way, treatment improved production and other yield parameters without imposing any drastic input burden to farmers, as evidenced by cost and benefit estimates. Therefore, it can be concluded that T4 can be considered for improved sustainable package of practice for Alternaria blight management of Mustard

Keywords

IDM Mustard Alternaria blight Garlic extract

Article Details

How to Cite
Singh, J. ., Kumar, A., & Chaubey, A. K. (2022). Evaluation and validation of disease management module for Alternaria Blight in Mustard. Environment Conservation Journal, 23(1&2), 272–277. https://doi.org/10.36953/ECJ.0211096-2277

References

  1. Chauhan, J. S., Choudhury, S. P., Pal, S. & Singh, K. H. (2020). Analysis of seed chain and its implication in rapeseed-mustard (Brassica spp.) production in India. Journal of oilseeds Research,, 37(2), 71-84.
  2. FAOSTAT 2018. Statistics Division, Food and Agricultural Organization of United nations. www.faostat.fao.org. 15 June, 2020.
  3. Kumar, A., Kumar, S., Srivastava, R. & Sharma, A. K. (2009). Fungal biocontrol agents (BCAS) and their metabolites. In. Agricultural Diversification: Problems and Prospects (Eds. by A.K. Sharma, S. Wahab and R. Srivastava). I. K. International, New Delhi, pp.44-56.
  4. Kumar, B. & Kolte, S. J. (2001). Progression of Alternaria blight of mustard in relation to components of resistance. Indian Phytopathology, 54, 329-331.
  5. Kumar, M., Zacharia, S. & Lal, A. A. (2019). Management of Alternaria blight of mustard (Brassica juncea L.) by botanicals, Trichoderma harzianum and fungicides. Plant Archives, 19(1), 1108-1113.
  6. Latif, M. A., Saleh, A. K. M., Khan, M. A. I., Rahman, H. & Hossain, M. A. (2006). Efficacy of Some Plant Extracts in Controlling Seed-Borne Fungal Infections of Mustard. Bangladesh Journal of Microbiology, 23(2), 168-170.
  7. Mahapatra, S. & Das, S. (2013). Bio efficacy of Botanicals against Alternaria blight of Mustard under field condition. The Bioscan, 8(2), 675-679.
  8. Mahapatra, S. & Das, S. (2016). Spraying schedule of garlic bulb extract, mancozeb and salicyclic acid against Alternaria blight of mustard. Indian Phytopathology, 69(4), 419-421.
  9. Meena, P. D., Chattopadhyay, C. & Meena, R. L. (2008). Eco-friendly management of Alternaria blight in Brassica unncea. Indian Phytopathology, 61, 65-69.
  10. Meena, P. D., Awasthi, R. P., Chattopadhyay, C, Kolte, S. J. & Kumar, A. (2010). Alternaria blight: a chronic disease in rapeseed-mustard. Journal of Oilseed Brassica, 1(1), 1-11.
  11. Meena, P. D., Chattopadhyay C., Kumar, A., Awasthi, R. P., Singh, R., Kaur, S., Thomas, L., Goyal, P. & Chand, P. (2011). Comparative study on the effect of chemicals on Alternaria blight in Indian mustard – A multi-location study in India. Journal of Environmental Biology, 32, 375-379.
  12. Nene, Y. L. (1972). A survey of viral diseases of pulse crops in Uttar Pradesh. GBPUAT Research Bulletin, 4, 911.
  13. Rajendra, P. & Lalu. (2006). Management of Alternaria blight of mustard with combination of chemicals and botanicals. Annals of Plant Protection Sciences, 14(2), 400-403.
  14. Rathour, S., Kumari, M. & Swami, S. (2021). Constraints analysis of rapeseed and mustard cultivation in Begusarai district of Bihar. The Pharma Innovation Journal, 10(11), 3006-3008.
  15. Sharma, S. R. & Kolte, S. J. (1994). Effect of soil applied NPK fertilizers on severity of black spot diseases (Alternaria brassicae) and yield of oilseed rape. Plant soil, 167, 313-320.
  16. Sharma, S., Raghuwanshi, J. S., Jaulkar, A. M. & Srivastava, S. C. (2019). Constraints in Production, Marketing and Processing in Rapeseed-Mustard Cultivation and Suitable Measures to Overcome these Constraints. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(01), 2319-7706.
  17. Singh, H. K., Singh, R. B. & Maurya, K. N. (2016). Management of major fungal foliar diseases of rapeseed mustard. Research on crops, 16(1), 182- 188.
  18. Singh, J., Singh, A. K., Chaubey, A. K. & Baghel, M. S. (2019). Impact of Technological Interventions on Productivity of Mustard in Kymore Plateau and Satpura Hills Zone of Madhya Pradesh. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences, 8(02), 2848-2855.
  19. Srivastava, R., Joshi, M., Kumar, A., Pachauri, S. & Sharma, A. K. (2009). Biofertilizers for sustainable agriculture. In. Agricultural Diversification: Problems and Prospects (Eds. By A.K. Sharma, S. Wahab and R. Srivastava). I.K. International, New Delhi, pp. 57-71.

Most read articles by the same author(s)